Indian History
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Guru Nanak 1469-1538


      Guru Nanak-Founder of Sikh Religion
No. Guru Nanak
1. Guru Nanak(1469-1538) was born at Talwandi in Punjab. He was the founder of Sikh religion. He condemned rituals, caste system and advocated pure and simple worship of prayer, true love. His teachings are compiled in the form of small poems in Adigranth.
2. Guru Angad: He was the second Guru of Sikhs. He introduced "Gurumuki" as the medium of Sikh preaching and strengthened common kitchen called "Langer".
3. Guru Amardas: He was the third Guru of Sikhs. He condemned the practice of Sati and prohibited consumption of liquor among the Sikhs.
4. Guru Ramdas: He was the fourth guru of Sikh. He got the town of Amritsar from Akbar and dug a great tank called Amritsagar and constructed famous Golden Temple in the midest of it.
5. Guru Arjun Singh: He was the fifith Guru of Sikhs. He compiled Adi Granth. As he gave blessings to Khusru, he was put to death by Jahangir in 1606.
6. Guru Har Govind: He was the sixth Guru of Sikhs. He rebelled against Shahjahan in 1628 and defeated the Mughal army at Sangrama near Amritsar.
7. Guru Tej Bahadur: He was the Ninth Guru of Sikhs. The Mughal emperor Aurangazeb put him to death when he refused to convert into Islam.
8. Guru Govind Singh: He was the tenth Guru of Sikhs. He organised the Sikhs into an order called Khalsa. He trained the sikhs in Gurella warfare. He defeated Mughal Army led by Dilwar Khan.

Indian History

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