Indian History

Sher Shah-Sur Dynasty

      Sher Shah-Sur Dynasty
No. Sher Shah
1. Sher Shah belonged to Sur Dynasty.
2. He established Sur Dynasty at Delhi.
3. The period of reign of Sher Shah was 1540-1545 A.D.
4. The original name of Sher Shah was Farid.
5. He was born in 1472 A.D in Punjab.
6. His father was a Jagirdar.
7. He left his house in 1501 A.D and went to Jaunpur and learned Arabic, Persian literature and history.
8. He was appointed by his father as the governor of his Jagir in 1511 A.D.
9. Due to the differences between the son and father Farid left home for the second time in 1520 A.D
10. After the death of his father he took the service of Bahar Khan Lohani in 1522.
11. He had the title of Sher Khan given by his master on killing a tiger.
12. He joined the camp of Babar in 1527. Babar gave him sasaram to rule.
13. Afther the death of Bahar Khan Lohani he got the possession of the Chunnar fort as a deputy governor of Bihar.
14. He was appointed as the deputy regent to Jalal, the minor son of Bahar Khan. When Jalal Khan wanted to free from the control of Sher Khan he was defeated by Sher Khan at Surajgarh.
15. Sher Khan defeated the confederacy of Lohani Afghans in 1533.
16. Victory of Surajgarh made Sher Khan as uncrowned king of Bihar.
17. When Hymayun engaged in war with Bahadur Shah of Gujarat, sher Khan conquered as far as Manghir.
18. Sher Khan captured Gaur, the capital of Muhammad Shah`s kingdom in 1536 A.D and became master of Bengal.
19. The Mughal emperor Humayun was alarmed by the expansion of Sher Khan and marched against him after the conquest of Gujarat.
20. Sher Khan defeated Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539 A.D.
21. In the battle of Kannauj in 1540 A.D Sher Khan got complete victory over Humayun. Humayun forced to flee to the court of the Persian emperor. Humayun lived life of fugitive for 15 years.
22. Sher Khan conquered Punjab, Sind, Multan, Raisina fort, Marwar, Multan, Jodhpur, Mt.Abu, Chittor etc.
23. He suppressed a number of revolts.
24. Almost the entire North India came under his sway.
25. His last expedition was against Kalinjar.
26. He was killed in an accident caused by explosion in 1545 A.D.
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