Indian History
×

Sangam Age


      Sangam Age-Tamil History
No. Sangam Age
1. The land between the river Tungabhadra and Kanyakumari is called Tamiladesa or Dravidadesa or Dakshinadesa.
2. The ancient Tamil Kingdoms of Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras were referred in Ashokan inscriptions and Hathigumpha inscription of Kalinga king Kharavela.
3. The writings of Megastanese also referred these kingdoms.
4. The first, second and the third centuries A.D were referred as Sangam Age in the Tamil History.
5. Sangam(Kudal) means assembly of scholars and poets at Madurai.
6. The literature produced by the members of the assembly is called Sangam Literature.
7. The history of ancient Tamil kingdoms i.e. Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas came to know from Sangam Literature.
8. The land of three kingdoms (Chola, Chera and Pandya) is called as Tamilakkam in Tamil Literature.
9. Tamil Literature was patronized by all the kings of Sangam Age.
10. Silappadikaram and Manimekalai are the two great works of Sangam Literature.
11. The life of Kannagi(a great woman known for her chastity) is known from Silappadikaram.
12. Trade relations exists between Tamilakkam and Roman empire during the Sangam Age.
13. Aryan religious customs, caste system and Sanskrit words entered into Tamil as a result of contacts with them.
14. As per traditional accounts three Sangams were held.
15. The first Sangam was held to the south of Madurai under the patronage of Makeerthy, the Pandyan king. Agastya was the president of first sangam.
16. The second Sangam was held in Kapadapuram, second capital of the Pandyas.
17. The third Sangam was held in Madurai. Nakkirar was the president of third Sangam.
18. For supremacy over Tamilakkam frequent wars took place between the three(chola, chera and pandya) kingdoms.
19. Talkoppiam, a work on grammar, was composed by Tolkappiar in the second sangam.
20. Silappadikaram was written by Ilango Adigal.
21. Sattanar, a buddhist, was the author of Manimekalai.
22. Tiruttakkadevara, a Jain, was the author of Sivaka Chintamani.
23. Nakkirar was the author of Tirumurukatuppadai.
      
Sangam Age Sangam Age-Cholas Sangam Age-Cheras Sangam Age-Pandyas

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India