Indian History
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Sangam Age


      Sangam Age-Tamil History
No. Sangam Age
1. The land between the river Tungabhadra and Kanyakumari is called Tamiladesa or Dravidadesa or Dakshinadesa.
2. The ancient Tamil Kingdoms of Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras were referred in Ashokan inscriptions and Hathigumpha inscription of Kalinga king Kharavela.
3. The writings of Megastanese also referred these kingdoms.
4. The first, second and the third centuries A.D were referred as Sangam Age in the Tamil History.
5. Sangam(Kudal) means assembly of scholars and poets at Madurai.
6. The literature produced by the members of the assembly is called Sangam Literature.
7. The history of ancient Tamil kingdoms i.e. Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas came to know from Sangam Literature.
8. The land of three kingdoms (Chola, Chera and Pandya) is called as Tamilakkam in Tamil Literature.
9. Tamil Literature was patronized by all the kings of Sangam Age.
10. Silappadikaram and Manimekalai are the two great works of Sangam Literature.
11. The life of Kannagi(a great woman known for her chastity) is known from Silappadikaram.
12. Trade relations exists between Tamilakkam and Roman empire during the Sangam Age.
13. Aryan religious customs, caste system and Sanskrit words entered into Tamil as a result of contacts with them.
14. As per traditional accounts three Sangams were held.
15. The first Sangam was held to the south of Madurai under the patronage of Makeerthy, the Pandyan king. Agastya was the president of first sangam.
16. The second Sangam was held in Kapadapuram, second capital of the Pandyas.
17. The third Sangam was held in Madurai. Nakkirar was the president of third Sangam.
18. For supremacy over Tamilakkam frequent wars took place between the three(chola, chera and pandya) kingdoms.
19. Talkoppiam, a work on grammar, was composed by Tolkappiar in the second sangam.
20. Silappadikaram was written by Ilango Adigal.
21. Sattanar, a buddhist, was the author of Manimekalai.
22. Tiruttakkadevara, a Jain, was the author of Sivaka Chintamani.
23. Nakkirar was the author of Tirumurukatuppadai.
      
Sangam Age Sangam Age-Cholas Sangam Age-Cheras Sangam Age-Pandyas
1857 Revolt Quiz Test Advent of Europeans Mcqs Rajputs Mcqs Round Table conferences Loksabha term reduced Vijayanagara Kingdom Mcqs Anglo Indians Assembly Humayun Indian States Mcqs Bharath Matha Society Rajputs Crips Mission State Executive Head Mansabdars Rise of Magadha HTML 5 Indus Valley Civilization Mcqs Constitutional Developments Buddhism Bahmani Sultans Ripon Ajanta Cave Paintings Interior of Earth Societies Associations Pallavas Mcqs Khilji Dynasty Founder of Swaraj Party Employment Bureau Harshavardhana Sangam Age Swaraj Party Mcqs on Kushans Case Laws Crpc complaint definition Measurement of land Mcqs on Rashtrakutas Humayun Quiz Test National Flag Ratio Guptas Trade Mcqs on Kakatiyas Crpc Judgement Later Vedic Civilization Mcqs Horse Name of Gautama Buddha Pulakesi II defeated by Gupta Period Coins National Flag Ashoka Wheel Chief Minister Rivers Mcqs on National Movement Birds worshipped Nataraja Male dancing figure Buddhist Monk Ashoka Arrest without Warrant Mcqs on Mauryan Empire Battle of Ghagra Chief Minister appointment Later Vedic Civilization Quiz Gupta Empire Mcqs Vedas Composed by Rajyasabha members election State Public Service Commission Satavahanas Quiz Test Balgangadhara Tilak Mcqs on Rivers Freedom struggle Mcqs Procedure Established by law State Finance Commission Peninsular plateau Emergency Provisions Coastal Plains Quiz Test Animals around Pasupati Establishment of British rle Sarkaria Commission Delhi Sultans Mcqs India Physical Quiz Ikta System Ablished Indian republic head Doors to main Streets Harsha Mcqs Economic History Crpc Death Confirmation Imperial Durbar Marcopolo Kakatiyas Mcqs War prisioners conversion Five year Plans Quiz Test Nabard Globalisation Mcqs Union Ministers Indus People Occupation National Parks President Quiz Test Indus Site destroyed by fire Home Rule Movement Lakbaksh Title Sutta Pitaka compiled Finance Commission Respiratory System Balban Pink Revolution Early Vedic Civilization Delhi Sultans shifted capital Pallavas Mcqs Civil Disobedience Movement Executive Power of Union Advisory Committee Harshavardhana mcqs Copper Indus People Vijayanagara Kingdom Buddha Enlightenment Satavahans Rajputs Later Vedic Civlization Mcqs Mcqs on Governor Generals Dinar introduced by Mcqs on Badami Chalukyas Rivers Fox India Bill Governor Generals Sense Organs Skin Title relinquished by Gandhi Gautamaiputra Satakarni Sahu Mughal Custody Western Ghats Diwan-i-Kohi Portuguese Empire Badami Chalukyas Green Revolution Governor Generals Jagannata Temple