Indian History

Causes for the Rise of Nationalism

            There were many factors which led to the raise of nationalism among Indians. The first one is British Imperialism. British introduced Uniform administration and Uniform Laws in India. This led to Political Unity among Indians. Brith introduced western education in India. So, the Indians knew about the westren Political Systems and concepts. British followed racial discrimination. They treated Indians as secondary citizens. This made the people of India to be unite. The historical Freanch Revolution. American Revolution, Germany and Italy movements increased the national spirit amoung Indians. The writings of Europeom sanskrit scholars and the Publications of Asiatic Society of Bengal made the Indian people to remember the Indias past glory and its culture. This incited national spirit among them.

            The Introduction of English language in India Unified the people of India. As there are many languages in India, English worked as mediatory language among different languages of India. Indian press played a koy role in inculcating nationalist spirit among Indians. The important news papers were Indian Mirror of Devendranath Tagore, Kesari and Maratha of Bala Gangadhara Tilak. Amrita Bazar patrika etc. These papers revealed the British activities how they plundered India. The activities of Indian Renaissance leaders such as Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Jyotiba Phule etc also created a sense of Nationalism among people. The famous Navel 'Anand Math' written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee inculcated rationalistic feelings among the people of India. The song of vendemataram is in this novel. The famous book of Dadabhai Naoroji 'the poverty and the Un-British rule in India' and 'Economic History of India written by R.C. Dutt revealed how the British plundered Indian wealth to England. This awarness created nationalistic feelings among Indians. Anti Indian Policies such as racial discrimination, Vernacular Press Act, 1878, opposition of Ilbert Bill by Europeans, Imperial Durbar in Delhi in 1877 at the time of terrible famine, Arms Act etc., helped in the rise of nationalism in India.

            The organisations such as Indian Association established by Devendranath Tagore, Landholders Society founded by Dwarakanath Tagore, Bombay presidency Association founded by Feroz Shah Mehta, K.T.Telang, Badruddin Tyabji, Indian society founded by Ananda Mohan Bose, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha founded by S.M.Chiplunkar, G.V.Joshi, M.G.Ranade etc., and Indian National Congress(INA) founded by A.O.Hume, played key role in rising nationalism in India. Indian National congress was founded by Allen Octavian Hume. It had national character as it had members from different parts of the country. It was established in Bombay in Gokuldas Tejpal sanskrit college on December 28, 1885. The first meeting was presided by Womesh Chandra Benerjee. It was attended by 72 delegates from all parts of the country.

Rise of Nationalism Societies-Associations Indian National Congress
Moderates Muslim League Montague Declaration

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India