Indian History

Mahatma Gandhi-Imp Facts

      Mahatma Gandhi
No. Mahatma Gandhi
1.Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar in Gujarat.
2. He studied law and became a barrister. He went to South Africa in 1893 for practice.
3. Mahatma Gandhi shocked after seeing the Indians settled in South Africa, who were racially discriminated and suppressed.
4. South Africa was a British Colony. He used Satyagraha to fight against the British in South Africa.
5. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India in 1915.
6. After returning from South Africa Gandhi founded an Ashram on the banks of river Sabarmati in 1915.
7. He became a great leader after the three local movements such as Champaran Satyagraha, Ahmadabad Mills Strike and Kheda Satyagraha.
8. The Rowlatt Satyagraha made Gandhi as a National leader.
9. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869.
10. His mother was Putlibai Gandhi and father was Karamchand Gandhi.
11. Education: Alfred High School, Rajkot and University College London.
12. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915.
13. In 1916 Gandhiji founded the Sabarmati Asram at Ahmedabad.
14. Gandhiji started his first Satyagraha for indigo planters of Champaran in Bihar against Tinkathia system.
15. Gandhiji started a satyagraha movement on 6th April, 1919 against rowlatt Act. 6th April 1919 was observed as Satyagraha day.
16. Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation movement in 1920.
17. The Chauri-Chaura incident took place on 5th Feb. 1922. In this incident 22 policemen were killed. Gandhiji stopped the Non-Cooperation Movement.
18. All India Khilafat conferencewas held on Nov. 24, 1919 at Delhi.
19. Mahatma Gandhi was its prsident.
20. Mahatma gandhi started a movement against salt laws on 12th March 1930. 78 members marched from Sabarmati Asram to Dandi to prepare salt by violating salt laws.
21. The famous Dandi March took 25 days. On 6th April 1930 Gandhiji prepared salt by violating salt laws.
22. All India Harijan sangh was established by Mahatma Gandhi.
23. Mahatma Gandhi gave `Do or Die` slogan during the Quit Indian Movement.
24. Mahatma Gandhi started Champaran Satyagraha.
25.Mahtma Gandhi strongly protested against communal award 1932. He thought that it was made to separate depressed classes from Hindus. So Gandhiji went on fast unto death in Yerravada Jail in September 1932.
26. The leaders of depressed classes came to understanding with Hindus at Poona and a partially joint electorates were accepted for depressed classes. Gandhiji broke on his fast.
27. Ahmadabad Textile Labour Association was founded by Mahatma Gandhi.
28. The British Prime Minister Winston Churchill described Gandhiji as 'Half naked seditious fakir'
29. Gandhiji published a periodical called Indian Opinion in South Africa.
30. Sir Staford Crips said "there is no leader in the world greater than Gandhi".
31. He was assassinated at Birla House, New Delhi on 30th January 1948 by the Nathuram Godse.
Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mills Strike
Kheda Satyagraha Rowlatt Satyagraha Khikafat Movement
Non-Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement
Gandhi Irwin Pact Communal Award Quit India Movement

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India