Indian History
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Jainism-Mahavira


      Jainism-Mahavira
No. Jainism
1. There are 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism. The first Tirthankara was Rushabhanatha.
2. The 23rd Tirthankara was parswanath.
3. The 24th Tirthankara was Mahavira.
4. Mahavira was born in 540 B.C at Kundagrama in Vaisali.
5. His father Siddhartha was a head of Jnatrika tribe.
6. His mother Trishala was a princess of Lichavi.
7. Mahavira became a monk at the age of 30.
8. He attained Nirvana at the age of 43 years.
9. He died at Pava near rajgriha in 468 B.C at the age of 72.
10. The three Jewels called Triratnas of Jainism are:
1.Right faith
2.Right knowledge
3.Right conduct.
11. The first Jain council held at pataliputram by Stulabahu in 3rd century B.C.
12. In this Council 12 Angas were compiled.
13. The second Jaina council held at vallabhi in 5th century A.D by Swethambaras under the leadership of devaradhi Kshamasramana.
14. In this Council finalcompilation of the 12 Angas and 12 upangas took place.
15. The main sects of Jainism are: Digambaras and Swetambaras.
16. Digambaras were naked. Their leader was Bhadrabahu.
17. Swetambaras wore white garments. Their leader was Sthaulabhadra.
18. Under the leadership of Bhadrabhahu Jains migrated to Mysore in the 4th century B.C .
19. We can see jain architecture at Dilwar temples at Mount Abu–Rajasthan; Rock-cut caves at Badami; Hathigumpha cave; Udaigiri cave; Shravanabelogola; Jain tower at Chittor etc.

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India