Indian History


Jahangir was the son of Akbar. He was born in August 1569 after many prayers and was named Muhammad Salim. Hewas married to the daughter of Raja Bhagavan Das of Amber. Khusru was born to this union. Prince Salim acquired all the evils. He addicted too much to wine. He had very loose morals. Akbar took all the care to mend him but failed. After the death of his father prince Salim ascended the throne in 1605 and assumed the title of Jahangir. Prince Khusru(son of Jahangir) relations with his father were not cordial. He left Agra on the pretext of visiting the Akbar tomb. Khusru marched towards Lahore and besieged it. Jahangir reached Lahore with big army and defeated the rebels. Prince Khusru was captured while crossing the Chenab river and brought before the Jahangir. Jahangir ordered to put the Khusru into the custody. In 1620, prince Khusru was handed over to prince Khurram. In March 1622 Khusru was murdered.

Jahangir Military Campaigns:
War with Mewar:
In Mewar Amar Singh ascended the throne after the death of Maharana Pratap. Jahangir sent forces under Mahabat Khan and restarted the war with Amar Singh. But Mahabat Khan failed. Later Abdulla Khan was sent but he also did not achieve anything. In 1614, prince Khurram was sent against Amar Singh. He made Rajputs to come to terms. Amar Singh acknowledged Jahanir as his ovelord.

Conquest of Kangra:
Akbar failed in capturing Kangra. Jahangir wanted to conquer Kangra and sent Murtaza Khan. But he was failed. Later Prince Khurram was sent against Kangra. Kangra was seiged for 14 months and the fort was surrendered in Nov.1620.

War with Ahmadnagar:
The Mughal authority was established over Ahmadnagar during the period of Akbar. But Malik Amber restored the Nizam Shahi dynasty. Malik Ambar by taking the advantage of Prince Khusru rebellion captured Ahmadnagar in 1610. In 1616 Prince Khurram was sent against Malik Ambar. Khurram offered terms of peace to Malik Ambar. Malik Ambar accepted the terms and the treaty was concluded. The treaty was ratified by the Jahangir.

Kandhar was a part of the Mughal Empire. It was annexed by the Akbar. Shah Abbas, the Persian ruler, sent a big army in 1621 to capture Kandhar. The seige of the fort of Kandhar started in 1622 and lasted for 45 days. Mughals lost Kandhar and could not be recaptured during the reign of Jahangir.
The health condition of Jahangir was deteriorated due to too much drinking. He died in October, 1627.
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Indian History

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