Indian History
Mcqs on Mughal Empire French Revolution Digestive System Mauryan Empire Indian Geography Delhi Sultans Vitamins Early Vedic Civilization Jainism Quit India Resolution Nauroj Introduction Muhammad Bin Tughluq Five Year Plans Indus Valley Civilization Nervous System Circulatory System Gupta Empire Advent of Europeans Indian Constitution Vijayanagara Empire Chola Kingdom Buddhism Maratha Kingdom Mcqs on Gupta Empire Dyarchy Introduction Sense Organs-Eye Plants reproduction Mcqs on Delhi Sultans Delhi Sultan-Titles Samudragupta Ap Economy Excretory System Satavahana Empire Balban Amitraghata title Guptas Slave Dynasty-Quiz Test Micro Organisms India Physical Mcqs on Indus Valley Civilization Rice husk discovery Mughal Empire-Babar-Akbar Delhi Sultans-Quiz Test Taxation 1857 Revolt Sense Organs Ear Sikhs Cholas Peninsular Plateau Diseases Indian Constitution preparation Capital of Kanishka President Quiz Test President Mcqs Directive Principles Fundamental Duties adoption Jainism-Quiz Test President Resignation Governor Generals Harshavardhana Akbar Indian Constitution Quiz Test Mauryan Empire-Quiz Test Capital of Cholas Mcqs on Freedom Movement Mahavira Enlightenment Parliament Quiz Test Vikramanka Charita National Income Aryan Settlement Governor Generals Quiz test Advent of Europeans Quiz Test Camel Bones Discovery Mughal Empire Quiz Test Animal not known Constituent Assembly Jarkhand State Amendment Occupation of Aryans Muslim Invasions Player of Veena President Defence forces Jainism Mcqs Kesavananda Bharati Case Harsha Charita India States Quiz Test Plants reproduction Delhi Sultans Mcqs Fundamental Rights Cancel division of Bengal Kushans Voting Age Reduction Amendments Quiz TEst Preamble Quiz Test Complete indepenence declared Music Dance-Abolish Mauryas Mcqs Delhi Sultans Khalifa Indian Geography Mcqs Vandemataram Movement Judiciary Quiz Test

Indus Valley Civilization


   Indus Valley Civilization
No. Indus Valley Civilization
1. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization.
2. Indus valley Civilization was discovered in 1921-1922.
3. This Civilization belongs to Metal Age
4. Metal age began in 5000 B.C. during this age man used copper and bronze to make implements
5. Dravidians were the founders of this civilization.
6. Indus Valley Civilization is earlier to Vedic Civilization (Early Vedic Civilization and Later Vedic Civilizatin).
7. This civilization belongs to proto-historic period.
8. The towns of Harappa Civilization reflects the first urbanization in the history of India.
9. The ancient name of the Indus region was Meluha.
10. Sir John Marshal carried out extensive excavations in the Indus region.
11. The first discovered Indus site was Harappa.
12. Harappa and Mohenjodaro were the largest sites of Indus Valley Civilization.
13. Many historians proposed different dates about the period of Indus Valley Civilization but the generally accepted period was 2300-1750 B.C.
14. The main feature of Indus Valley civilization was Town Planning.
15. The Houses and drainage canals were mainly built with Burnt-Brick. Underground drainage system depicts the skill of the Indus people in Town Planning
Indus Site-Harappa
16. Harappa is located in the Montegomari district of Punjab in Pakistan on the banks of river Ravi.
17. It was the first excavated Harappan site. Extensive excavations of Harappa were carried out by Mortimer Wheeler.
18. It was surveyed by Dayanand Sahni in 1921.
19. 6 granaries were found at Harappa.
20. A stone symbol of female sex organs was discovered.
21. A stone male dancing figure Nataraja was found.
22. Harappa was an important centre of boat making.
Indus Site-Mohenjodaro
23. Mohenjodaro means Mound of the Dead.
24. It is located in Larkana district of Sindh in Pakistan on the banks of river Indus.
25. Mohenjodaro was discovered by R.D.Benerjee in 1972.
26. A swimming pool called 'Great Bath' was found here.
27. It had 9 vertical layers.
28. Mohanjodaro is largest of all Indus sites.
29. The Bronze figure of dancing girl was found here.
30. The evidence of ship was found in Mohanjodaro.
31. Granaries and Fire alters were found in Mohenjodaro.
32. Pasupati seal has been discovered.
Other Indus Sites
33. Lothal was located in Gujarat. It was discovered by S.R.Rao in 1957.
34. Lothal was the port town. A dockyard structure was found here.
35. Lothal had houses with doors on the main streets
36. Fire Altars and Rice husk has been discovered in Lothal.
37. A dockyard on the Bhoga river have been found.
38. The Indus Site Kalibhangan was discovered by A.Ghosh in 1951. It was located in Rajasthan.
39. The evidence of ploughing the land was found in Kalibhangan.
40. Bones of Camel and Fire alters were discovered in Kalibhangan.
42. The evidence of land ploughing was also found in Kalibhangan.
43. The Indus Site Banwali was discovered by R.S.Bisht in 1973.
44. Banwali was located in Haryana.
45. A clay model plough, Citadel, barley and 12 horned tiger seal have been found in Banwali.
46. No drinage system has been found in Banwali.
47. The Indus Site Chanhudaro was discovered by N.G.Majumdar in 1931.
48. Chanhudaro was located in Sindh. Ink Pot was discovered here.
49. The Indus Site Alamgirpur was discovered by Punjab University in 1958.
50. Alamgirpur was located in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh on the banks of Hindan river.
51. The Indus Site Surkotada was discovered by Jagpati Joshi in 1972.
52. Surkotada was located in Gujarat.
53. Burial room, human bones in pottery and the remains of horse have been found in Surkotada.
54. The Indus Site Kotdiji was discovered by Ghurye in 1935.
55. Kotdiji was located in Sindh.
56. Steatite Seals, Stone arrow head and figure of Ox have been found in Kotdiji.
57. Kotdiji was destroyed by fire.
58. The Indus Site Dholavira was discovered by J.P.Joshi in 1967 and excavated in 1991.
59. Dholavira is the largest Indus site in India.
60. Dholavira was located in Gujarat.
61. Dholavira was divided into three parts i.e. Citadel, Middle Town and Lower Town.
62. The Indus Site Rangapur was discovered by M.S.Vats in 1931.
63. Rangapur was located in Gujarat.
64. Rice husk has been found in Rangapur.
65. Six types of pottery have been found in Rangapur.
66. Rupar was discovered by Y.D.Sharma in 1953.
67. Rupar was located on the banks of Sutlej River in Punjab.
68. A Copper Axe and the Evedence of burying the dog below the human burial has been found in Rupar.
Indus Valley Civilization-Society
69. The main occupation of Indus people was agriculture. The main crops they produced were: Wheat and Barly.Indus people produced Cotton for the first time in the world.
79. Indus People had trade relations with Babylonia, Egypt and Mesopotomia. They exported Cotton goods, Pottery and Terracottas.
71. The main male diety was Pasupati(Siva). The main female Goddess was Mother Goddess. They worshipped the bird Pigeon. They also worshipped Water, Trees and Snakes. Many of the religious practices of the Indus people are still followed in India.
72. Indus People made their tools implements and utensils mostly with Copper, Bronze and Stome. They obtained copper from Beluchistan and Rajasthan and Gold from Kolar and Anantapur.
73. The metal Iron was not known to Indus people.
74. The ornaments of Indus people were made up of Copper, Bronze, Gold, Silver and Precious Stones. They made household articles with Stome, Mud and Copper. They made cloths with wool and Cotton. They made pottery with mud with beautiful designs and exported then to foreign countries.
75. The animal Horse doesn`t know the Indus people. Animals domesticated by Indus people were Bull, buffaloes, Goat, Sheep, Asses, Pigs and domenstic fowls. The animals depicted on the Indus seals were Bull, Unicorn, Tiger. The animals Buffaloe, Rhinoceros, Elephant and Deer are present around the Pasupati on a seal. Indus people made seals with Steatite, Ivory and Clay.
76. Music, Dance and Chess were the main pastimes of Indus people.
77. Indus People used Pictographic script. The script was written from left to right and from right to left. It is called Boustrophedon.
78. Carts with wheels were in use in Harappa. Burnt bricks were used for public buildings.
79. There were three funeral practices of Indus people. They are cremation, Complete burial and exposing the dead body to wild animals and burying the remains.
80. The reasons for the decline of Indus Valley Civilization were Aryans invasions, Floods and Earthquakes.
1857 Revolt Quiz Test Advent of Europeans Mcqs Rajputs Mcqs Round Table conferences Loksabha term reduced Vijayanagara Kingdom Mcqs Anglo Indians Assembly Humayun Indian States Mcqs Bharath Matha Society Rajputs Crips Mission State Executive Head Mansabdars Rise of Magadha HTML 5 Indus Valley Civilization Mcqs Constitutional Developments Buddhism Bahmani Sultans Ripon Ajanta Cave Paintings Interior of Earth Societies Associations Pallavas Mcqs Khilji Dynasty Founder of Swaraj Party Employment Bureau Harshavardhana Sangam Age Swaraj Party Mcqs on Kushans Case Laws Crpc complaint definition Measurement of land Mcqs on Rashtrakutas Humayun Quiz Test National Flag Ratio Guptas Trade Mcqs on Kakatiyas Crpc Judgement Later Vedic Civilization Mcqs Horse Name of Gautama Buddha Pulakesi II defeated by Gupta Period Coins National Flag Ashoka Wheel Chief Minister Rivers Mcqs on National Movement Birds worshipped Nataraja Male dancing figure Buddhist Monk Ashoka Arrest without Warrant Mcqs on Mauryan Empire Battle of Ghagra Chief Minister appointment Later Vedic Civilization Quiz Gupta Empire Mcqs Vedas Composed by Rajyasabha members election State Public Service Commission Satavahanas Quiz Test Balgangadhara Tilak Mcqs on Rivers Freedom struggle Mcqs Procedure Established by law State Finance Commission Peninsular plateau Emergency Provisions Coastal Plains Quiz Test Animals around Pasupati Establishment of British rle Sarkaria Commission Delhi Sultans Mcqs India Physical Quiz Ikta System Ablished Indian republic head Doors to main Streets Harsha Mcqs Economic History Crpc Death Confirmation Imperial Durbar Marcopolo Kakatiyas Mcqs War prisioners conversion Five year Plans Quiz Test Nabard Globalisation Mcqs Union Ministers Indus People Occupation National Parks President Quiz Test Indus Site destroyed by fire Home Rule Movement Lakbaksh Title Sutta Pitaka compiled Finance Commission Respiratory System Balban Pink Revolution Early Vedic Civilization Delhi Sultans shifted capital Pallavas Mcqs Civil Disobedience Movement Executive Power of Union Advisory Committee Harshavardhana mcqs Copper Indus People Vijayanagara Kingdom Buddha Enlightenment Satavahans Rajputs Later Vedic Civlization Mcqs Mcqs on Governor Generals Dinar introduced by Mcqs on Badami Chalukyas Rivers Fox India Bill Governor Generals Sense Organs Skin Title relinquished by Gandhi Gautamaiputra Satakarni Sahu Mughal Custody Western Ghats Diwan-i-Kohi Portuguese Empire Badami Chalukyas Green Revolution Governor Generals Jagannata Temple