Indian History

Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre

Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre:
        Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre took place in Punjab during the regime of General Dyer, Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab Dyer had no faith in political reforms and political agitators. He refused Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal to enter the Punjab. When the agitation against the Rowlatt Act was started Dyer gave a warning on 7th April 1919 against demonstrations. On 30th March and 6th April peaceful Hartal was observed in Amritsar. The Punjab Government passed orders for the deportation of Dr. Satyapal and Dr.Kitchlew On 9th April 1919. They were removed by the police from Amritsar on 10th April 1919. Then complete Hartal was declared in the Amritsar and the people marched to the residence of the Deputy Commissioner demanding the release of leaders.
          On 12th April 1919 General Dyer issued a proclamation that no meetings of the people were to be held. But the proclamation was not brin to the notice of the people. As a result a public meeting was held on 13th April 1919 in the Jallianwala Bagh. Nearly 6 to 10 thousands of people attended the meeting without arms. Except one entrance Jallianwala Bagh is closed on all sides by walls. No officer took any action to stop the meeting. General Dyer entered the Jallianwala Bagh with troops. He wanted to teach the people a lesson and ordered the troops to fire. The firing continued till the ammunition was exhausted. Hundreds of people were killed.

Hunter commission:
The Government appointed Hunter Commission to enquire into the Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre. The Commission described it as "mistaken conception of duty". As the Congress had not faith in Government, it appointed an independent Committee. Hunter Commission estimated that 379 people were killed. But Congress Committee estimated it as 1200.
Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Hindustan Socialist Republic Association Revevolutionary Nationalism-Maharashtra
Revevolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case
Netaji Subas Chandra Bose Gadar Party Swaraj Party

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