Indian History
×

Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre

Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre:
        Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre took place in Punjab during the regime of General Dyer, Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab Dyer had no faith in political reforms and political agitators. He refused Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal to enter the Punjab. When the agitation against the Rowlatt Act was started Dyer gave a warning on 7th April 1919 against demonstrations. On 30th March and 6th April peaceful Hartal was observed in Amritsar. The Punjab Government passed orders for the deportation of Dr. Satyapal and Dr.Kitchlew On 9th April 1919. They were removed by the police from Amritsar on 10th April 1919. Then complete Hartal was declared in the Amritsar and the people marched to the residence of the Deputy Commissioner demanding the release of leaders.
          On 12th April 1919 General Dyer issued a proclamation that no meetings of the people were to be held. But the proclamation was not brin to the notice of the people. As a result a public meeting was held on 13th April 1919 in the Jallianwala Bagh. Nearly 6 to 10 thousands of people attended the meeting without arms. Except one entrance Jallianwala Bagh is closed on all sides by walls. No officer took any action to stop the meeting. General Dyer entered the Jallianwala Bagh with troops. He wanted to teach the people a lesson and ordered the troops to fire. The firing continued till the ammunition was exhausted. Hundreds of people were killed.

Hunter commission:
The Government appointed Hunter Commission to enquire into the Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre. The Commission described it as "mistaken conception of duty". As the Congress had not faith in Government, it appointed an independent Committee. Hunter Commission estimated that 379 people were killed. But Congress Committee estimated it as 1200.
      
Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Hindustan Socialist Republic Association Revevolutionary Nationalism-Maharashtra
Revevolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case
Netaji Subas Chandra Bose Gadar Party Swaraj Party

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India