Indian History
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Gupta Empire

       Guptas age was Golden-Age in Indian History. Srigupta was founder of the Gupta dynasty. Chandragupta I is the first prominent ruler in this dynasty. He ruled from 320-330 A.D. His queen Kumaradevi was a princess of Lichachavis. Pataliputra was the capital of Gupta empire. After Chandragupta I his son Samudragupta ascended the throne. He ruled from 300-375 A.D. He is very powerful and victorious. He invaded many kingdoms and annexed them to his empire. He defeated many rulers in noth and south India. So he was called as Indian Napolean in Indian history. He also patronised many scholars and poets. So he has the title `kaviraja`. He is very interest in music and could play veena. Allahabad piller inscription gives a detailed information about his conquests. This inscription was written by Harisena. Samudragupta was succeeded by his son ChandraguptaII vikramaditya. He ruled form 375 to 415 A.D. He fought against sakas and defeated them. He invaded Malva, Gujarat and Saurastra and defeated their rulers and annexed them to the Gupta empire.
       There are 42 inscriptions are available for Gutas period. Among them 4 inscripions belong to Samudragupta, 6 inscriptions belong to Chandragupta II, 14 inscriptions belong to Kumaragupta, 5 inscripitons belong to Skandagupta,7 belongs to Budhagupta. Samudragupta represented on is coins as playing veena. Chandragupta II was succeeded by his son Kumaragupta. He ruled for a long period of 42 years. Chandragupta II vikramaditya assumed the title `Sakari` and `Vikramaditya`. He made Ujaini in Malwa the second capital of Gupta empire. His court was adorned by Nine poets called Navratnas including Kalidas. Kalidasa wrote Abhignana sakuntalam, Kumarasambhavam, Meghadutam, Malavikagnimitram, Raghuvamsam, Ritusamhara. Chandragupta I started Gupta Era in 320 A.D. The maximum number of inscriptions of Guptas period belongs to KumaraguptaI. Kamandaka`s Nitisara ives information about Gupta empire. Kaumudi Mahotsava describes about the succession of Chandragupta I. The Buddhist pilgrim Fahien came to India during the period of Chandragupta II. Guptas patronised Sanskrit language. Many of the Astadasa Puranas were written during the Guptas period. Skandagupta repaired Sudarsana lake for the second time. First it was repaired by RudradamanI. The Gupta empire came to end by the sixth century A.D as a result of Huna invasions.
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