Indian History
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First Anglo-Maratha War

The first anglo Martha War took place between Marathas and British between 1775-1782. The main cause for this war was the Struggle for power between sawai Madhar Rao and Raghunath Rao. Madhav Rao was supported by Nanaphadnavis. Raghunath Rao (Raghoba), who murdered the then peshwa Narayan Rao, Approached British for help to install as peshwa against Madhar Rao, the newly born post humous son of Narayan Rao, Nanafadnavis formed a confederation with elever Marath chiefs to extend cooperation to young peswa Madhav Rao, The British wanted to take the adrantage of struggle by supporting on behalf of one party namely Raghunath Rao. The British entered into a pact with Raghoba at Surath in 1775. Raghoba promissed Brith to surrender salsette, Bessien if the British install him as peswa. The combined armies of British and Raghoba attacked peshwa aand succeeded. But all this was done by the Bombay Government without the permission of superior Government at calcutta. In calcutta council opponents of warren Hasting were in Majority. They declared the treaty was unjust. Colonel Upon was sent to poona to negotiate with marath lender Nanafadnavis. Nanafadnavis entered into a treaty with British on March 1, 1776. It is called Purandhar treaty. As per this treaty salsette and Bessien were given to British. Raghoba was sent to Gujrat with pension of Rs.25,000 p.a. But this treaty was ineffective due to the shelter given by the Bombay Goverbnebt to Raghunath Rao. The war began again when the court of Directors Upheld the Surath treaty. The British troops marched to Poona. But they were defeated at Talegaon and compelled to sign wadgaon treaty in january 1779. As per this treaty British surrendered all the territories taken by the British Government since 1773. Warren Hastings again sent an army under Goddard. He captured Ahmedabad and Bassein. But failed to advance to Poona. Hastings sent another army under poham. The Marath chiefs now expressed their willingness to enter into treaty with the Brithsh. Mahadaji sindia started negotiations and a treaty of Salbai was concluded on May 17, 1782 between British and Marathas. As per the treaty of Salbai status quo was maintained. This treaty gave the British 20 years of peace with the Marathas. This treaty also helped the British to exert pressure on mysore with the help of Marathas to recover their territories from Hyder Ali.
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