Indian History

Early Vedic Civilization

      Early Vedic Civilization
No. Early Vedic Civilization
1.Early Vedic Civilization is also called as Rig Vedic Civilization
2.Vedic culture fourished between 1500-600 B.C.
3. The later vedic period was from 1000-600 B.C.
4. Rigveda is the first and oldest Veda. It was composed during the early vedic period
5. The original home of Aryans may be saptasindu or centra Asia or Arctic region or Tibet.
6. They probably enter into India through Khyber pass.
7. Aryans called Indus People as Dasyus. They fought with Dasyus.
8. Aryans first settled in India Sindh and Punjab regions.
9. The Rig vedic Aryans lived in tribes.
10. During Rugvedic period society was not divided into classes. The families were patriarchal. Families were formed into grama. Villages formed as Vis. Group of Vis were formed into jana or tribe.
11. The tribe was under the rule of Rajan(king). The king was not autocrat. He exercised his powers according to the will of Sabha (Council of elders) and Samithi(Assembly of whole people). Vrajapati is an officer having authority over on the pasture ground.
12. The institution of marriage was established. Child marriages were not known but dowry is common. Women enjoyed high status. The main ocupation of Rugvedic Aryans was cattle breeding. They know the agriculture.
13. Rigveda refers to Mujavant. Mujavant is one of the peaks of the Himavant. Himavant is a Himalayan mountain. The source of soma drink is Mujavant.
14. Aitareya Brahmana mentioned that the India was divided into five parts. Sapta sindu was the heartland of Rigvedic culture.
15. Atharvana Veda contains magical spells and charms.
16. Rigvedic hymns were composed by viswamitra, Vashishtha, Arthi. etc.
17. The Rigveda culture was mainly pastoral.
18. Purusha-Sukta of Rigveda mentioned about the fourfold division of society.
19. Samaveda is belongs to music. In Rugvedic period Barly is called yava.
20. The largest number of Rugvedic hymns are dedicated to Indra. The God Agni is an intermediary between the gods and people.
21. Rig Veda tells about the Aryans when they settled in Sindh and Punjab regions.
22. Vedas were written in Sanskrit.
23. The language of Aryans was Sanskrit.
24. From Sanskrit North Indian languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi were originated.
25. The Sindh and Punjab regions were called by Aryans as Sapta Sindhu.
26. Rig Veda tells about the famous battle among the Aryan clans called Dasarajna.
27. Rajan was the leader of Aryans.
28. The officers helped the king in adiministration were Senani and Purohit.
29. Gramini was the village officer during the Early vedic period.
30. Sabha and Samiti were the two assemblies during the Early vedic period.
31. Agriculture and cattle rearing were the main occupation of Aryans.
32. Father was the head of the Aryan family.
33. Father, Mother, Sons and Slaves were in the Aryan family.
34. Soma and Sura were the two intoxicating drinks consumed by the Aryans.
35. Soma was consumed by the Aryans during the conduct of Yagnas.
36. Sura was the habitual drink of Aryans.
37. The chief of the Aryan clan 'Rajan' got income from Bali and Bhaga.
38. Sudas got victory against the confedaracy of ten kings in Dasaraja Yuddha.
39. The region watered by the five rivers of Punjab and Sindh and Saraswati was called Sapta Sindhu.
40. The chief Gods during the Early Vedic Civilization were Indra and Agni.
41. Indra was the water god and weather god during the Early Vedic Civilization.
42. Cow occupied a prominent place in Early Vedic Culture.
43. Indra was the God of War during the Early Vedic period.
44. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Sudras were the castes in Aryan society.
45. Aryans worshipped Indra, Ushas, Vayu, Varuna, Aswins and Bhumi.
46. By the end of Early Vedic Period society was divided into four classes.

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India