Indian History
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Lord Dalhousie

Lord Dalhousie(1848-56):- He was appointed as Governor General in 1848. The second sikh war took place during his period. The sikhs were defeated and Punjab was annexed to British Empire. Dalhousie also fought the second Anglo-Burmese war and Southern Burma was annexed to British empire. Dalhousie implemented the doctrine of lapse to expand the British empire as per this doctrine the kingdoms of native ruler world be annexed to the British empire if the have no natural heirs. The native rulers did not have the right to adopt. Dalhousie had abolished such right. Dalhousie divided the native states into three categories. The first category had the right to adopt. The second category had the right to adopt with the permission of the Government. The third category had no right to adopt. Dalhousie annexed many & states to the British empire by implementing the Doctrine of Lapse. He annexed sstara (1848), Jaipur and Sambalpur (1849), Bhagath (1850), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854). He abolished pensions of deceased rulers who have no natural heirs. As a result Nana Saheb, the adopted son of last Peswa, Baji Rao II deprived pension. So he participated in the revolt of 1857. The annexation of Oudh led to lot of Criticism. Though the Nawab of Oudh entered into subsidiary allionce in 1801, Dalhousie annexed it to the British empire on the plea of mal-administraion. The aggressive annexation policy of Dalhousie led to the Great Revolt in 1857. Dalhousie introduced railways, telegraphs and postal system in India. The first railway line was laid between Bombay and Thane in 1853. Telegraphs were also introduced in 1853. He established public works department. Granal Trunk Roads and irrigational canals were also built. Based on woods Dispatch he introduced certain changes in education system. In accordance with the woods Despatch univercities were established in Calcutta, Bambay and Madras in 1857.

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India