Indian History
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Chola Empire


      Chola Empire
No. Cholas
1. Vijayalaya Chola was the founder of Chlola kingdom.
2. He was the feudatory of Pallvas. The capital of Cholas was Tanjore.
3. The second Chola king Aditya defeated the Pallava king Aparajitha Varma and caused the decline of the Pallavas.
4. Parantaka I son of Aditya Chola ruled from 907 to 953 A.D.
5. Parantaka I caputured Madurai from the Pandyas and took the title of "Maduraikonda".
6. During the period of Parantaka I Chola-Rashtrakuta struggle was started.
7. The Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna III defeated Parantaka I in the Takkolam War.
8. This was followed by anarcy until the accession of Raja Raja I in 985 A.D. who restored the Chola Kingdom.
9. The Uttarmerur inscription was issued by Parantaka I.
10. Raja Raja I and Rajendra Chola were the greatest among the Chola kings.
11. Raja Raja I brought the entire Tamil kingdom under his control. He subdued Pandya and Keral kings.
12. He led a naval expedition against Ceylon and got half of it under his control.
13. He extended his empire upt the river Tungabhadra. He had the title of "the Great". He was also a good administrator.
14. He was worshipper of Siva. Raja Raja I built the famous Brihadiswara Temple at Tanjore.
15. Rajendra Chola was the son and successor of Raja Raja I.
16. He conquered the entire Ceylon.
17. He conquered upto the valley of Ganges and hence he had the title "Gangaikonda".
18. Rajendra Chola built a new town called Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
19. He conquered Srivijaya ruled by Sailendra. Java, Sumatra, Maley and Borneo were brought under his control.
20. During the period of Kulottunga I Cholas lost Ceylon.
21. Almost the entire Tamil region was under the control of Cholas.

Indian History

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