Indian History

Battle of Buxar 1765

      Battle of Buxar-Allahabad Treaty
No. Battle of Buxar
1. Battle of Plassey revealed the weakness of native rulers.
2. The Nawab of Bengal became puppet in the hands of English.
3. Robert Clive was appointed as the governor of Bengal in 1758.
4. East India company squeezed the Nawab for bribes and presents which led to bankruptcy.
5. Mir Jafar was unable to satisfy the demands of the company.
6. Then British replaced Mirjafar with Mir Qusim.
7. Mir Qusim. did not allow company officials to intervene in the administration.
8. As a result of measures taken by the Mir Quasim, he was dethroned by the company and Mir Jafar again was made Nawab of Bengal.
9. Mir Qasim the Mughal Emperor,Shah Alam and Shuja-ud-daula Nawab of oudh formed as tripple allience.
10 The combined armies fought against English at Buxar. But the combined armies were defeated by English under Hector Munroe on oct. 17,1764.
Allahabad Treaty
11. The battle of Buxar war very important in Indian History as the emperor of India was defeated in this battle.
12. After the battle a treaty was concluded called Allahabad Treaty.
13. Robert Clive was appointed as Governor of Bengal for the second time in 1765.
14. He concluded Allahabad treaty with Mughal Emperor and Nawab of Oudha.
15. As per the treaty of Allahabad the administration of Bengal was divided in to Diwani and Nizamath.
16. Diwani was the right of collecting land revenue in Bengal. It was taken over by the British.
17. Nizamath was the responsibility of administration. It was entrusted to the Nawab of Bengal.
18. East India company agreed to pay 26 lakhs rupees p.a. to the Mughal Emperor.
19. English got Northern circars in the third Carnatic War.
20. Mughal emperor agreed to recognize the authority of English on them.
21. The districts of Allahabad and Kara were separated from Oudha and were given to Mughal emperor.
22. The Nawab of Caenatic War recognized as an Independent ruler.
23. The Deccan Subedar at Hyderabad should not have any control over Carnatic Nawab.
24. Thus, English became the real rulers of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa by the year 1765.

Indian History

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