Indian History


       Balban ascended the Delhi throne in 1266 A.D. after Nasir-ud-din. He was a slave. He was bought by Iltutmish from the slave dealer. He had the title of Ulugh Khan(Powerful Lord) due to his services against Mongols. The Sultan Nazir-ud-din made him as Chief Minister and gave him his daughter in marriage and practically left all the authority in his hands. He was greatest among the sultans of Slave dynasty. He elevated from the status of Malik to Khan and Khan to Sultan.

       Balban suppressed Khokas in Punjab. He invaded against the Rohilkhand and brutally killed all the elder males and women and children were made as his slaves. He punished provincial governors severely when they revolt against him. Tugril Khan, Governor of Bengal was severely punished by him when he declared independence and revolted against him. Balban sent Amir Khan to supress Tugril Khan. But Amir Khan was defeated. Later Amir Khan was put to death. Balban personally led forces against Tugril Khan along with his son Bughra Khan. Tugril Khan ran into forests but he was caught and beheaded. Bughra Khan was appointed as Governor of Bengal.

       Balban kept chihalgani under control. He severely punished the members of chihalgani. He appointed spies to inform about their activites. He had taken the title of Jilli Illah. He inscribed the name of the Calipha on the coins. He introduced Persian traditions of Sijda and Paibos. Sijda means greeting the kissing the feet or throne of sultan. Mongol invasions were frequent during the period of Balban. He took various measures to protect his kingdom from the Mongol invasions. He strengthened the army and repaired the old forts and put them under the control of trusted military officers. He appointed his eldest son Muhammad as incharge of border forts. Muhammad was died while fighting with Mongols. Balban was shocked with the death of his son and died in 1287.

Delhi Sultans Administration Qutb-ud-din Aibak Iltutmish
Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Quiz/Online Tests

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India