Indian History
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Aurangzeb


      Aurangzeb-Mughal Emperor
No. Aurangzeb
1. After Shah Jahan war of succession took place among the four sons of Shah Jahan.
2. Aurangzeb got victory in the war of succession and ascended the throne in June 1659.
3. He ruled nearly fifty years.
4. During his reign the first expedition was against Ahoms in Assam.
5. The Mughal Governor of Bengal campaigned it and subdued Ahoms.
6. The revolts in Bundelkhand and Kathiawar were also suppressed.
7. Afghans were subdued with the policy of force and diplomacy.
8. Aurangzeb prohibited number of Hindu festivals such as Deepavali, Dasara and Holi.
9. He also prohibited Nauroz festival. He prohibited stamping of Kalima on coins.
10. He prohibited Gambling and intoxication.
11. He led pure life as suggested by Koran.
12. The Pilgrimage tax and the Jizya tax which were abolished by Akbar were reimposed by Aurangzeb.
13. He demolished Hindu temples and prohibited the construction of new Hindu temples.
14. Jats of Mathura and the Satnamis of Narnol and Mewar rebelled against Aurangzeb.
15. He came into conflict with Sikhs by executing Sikh Guru Tej Bahadur.
16. The religious policy of Aurangzeb also made Rajputs angrey and they revolted against Mughals.
17. Aurangzeb spent 25 years in Deccan to defeat Bijapur, Golkonda and Marathas.
18. He invaded on Bijapur and conquered it in 1685.
19. He also conquered and annexed Golkonda in September 1687.
20. Aurangzeb was died on March 3, 1707.
      
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