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Akbar-Administration

      Administration during the period of Akbar was effecient and based on sound principles of good government. The prominent ministers during the period of Akbar were:
1. Vakil. He was Prime Minister
2. Diwan or Wazir. He was Finance Minister
3. Mir Bakshi
4. Sadar-us-Sadar

      The empire was divided into Subas. There were 15 Subas during the Akbar period. Subas were governed by Subedar. Subas were divided into Sarkars. Sarkar was governed by Farydar. Sarkars were again divided into Parganas. Parganas were under the control of Chaudhari. Big towns were kept under the control of Kotwals.

       Akbar intorudiced Mansabdari system in military administration in 1571. Fixed salary was paid to Mansabdar. The Finance Minister Raja Todarmal introduced a new system of scientific taxation of land called Bandobust system. The land was divided into four categories such as Polaj, Parauti, Chachar and Banjar. The tenants paid his rent to the Governor without the intervention of middlemen.

      The emperor was the head of justice. Chief Quazis were appointed in the provinces. Akbar followed the policy of compromise and conciliation towards Rajputs. He had matrimonial alliances with Rajputs. He appointed Rajputs as Mansabdars. Akbar abolished Pilgrimage tax on Hindus in 1563. He abolished Jizya in 1564. Most of the Rajputs acknowledged the sovereignty of Akbar.

       Akbar constructed a new building called Ibadat-Khana at Fatepur Sikri in 1565. He invited scholors of different religions like Hindus, Jains, Parsis, Christians and Muslims for discussions. Akbar abolished the privileges enjoyed by the ulemas. Akbar was proclaimed to be the head of state and church in 1579. He established a new religion called Din-i-Ilahi in 1582. It reflects the religious tolerance of Akbar.

      
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