Indian History
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16 Mahajanapadas

1. Anga: The capita of Anga was Champa. It is present Bhagalpur and Monger districts of Bihar. Bimbisara annexed Anga to his empire.
2. Kasi: The capital of Kasi was Varanasi. It was located between Varuna and Asi rivers. It was annexed to Kosala. During the period of Ajatashatru it was annexed to Magadha.
3. Kosala: Kosala kingdom roughly corresponded to modern Oudh. Sravasti and Kusavati were the capitals of Kosala.
4. Magadha: Magadha kingdom roughly corresponded to modern Patna and Gaya districts of the Bihar State. The capital of Magadha was Girivrajam/Rajgriha. Later Pataliputra became its capital.
5. Vajji: Vajji kingdom was the confederacy of eight republics. Among the eight republics Lichchavi, Videha and Jnatrika were very prominent. The capital of Lichchavis was Vaishali. The capital of Videhas was Mithila. Lichchavis were engaged in constant wars with Magadha. But Bimbisara conciliated them by matrimonial alliances. He married Chellana daughter of Chetaka. Ajatasatru, son of Bimbisara continued wars with Lichchavis and conquered them.
6. Malla: Malla kingdom was identified with the Deoria district of Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Malla was Kusinagar.
7. Surasena: Surasena was located on the banks of river Yamuna. The capital of Surasena was Mathura.
8. Panchala: Panchala kingdom corresponded to the present Badaun and Farrukabad of Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Norther Panchala was Ahichchatra and the capital of south Panchala was Kampilya.
9. Vatsa: Vatsa corresponded to the present Allahabad area. The capital of Vatsa was Kausambi.
10. Avanti: Avanti comprised present Malwa region and Nimar of Madhya Pradesh. Ujjain was the capita of northern part and Mahishmati was the capital of southern part.
11. Kuru: The Kuru kingdom comprised the present Delhi and Meerut. The capital of Kuru was Hastinapur/Indraprastha.
12. Matsya: Matsya kingdom comprised present Jaipur, Alwar, Bharathpur of Rajasthan State. Viratnagar was the capital of Matsya kingdom.
13. Chedi: Chedi kingdom is identified with present Bundelkhand. Suktimathi was the capital of Chedi kingdom.
14. Gandhara: Gandhara corresponded to the present Peshawar and Rawalpindi districts. Taxila was the capital of Gandhaara.
15. Asmaka: Assaka and Mulaka were the two neighbouring states on the banks of river Godavari. Potana was the capital of Asmaka. Potana is identified with the present Bodhan in Nijamabad district of Andhra Pradesh. The capital of Mulaka was Paithan.
16. Kambhoja: This kingdom corresponded to the present Rajouri and Hazarabad districts.

Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization Early Vedic Civilization Later Vedic Civilization Buddhism Jainism 16 Mahajanapadas Rise of Magadha Haryanka-Dynasty Sisunaga Dynasty Nandas Alexander Invasions on India Mauryan Empire Sungas Kanvas Indo-Greeks Guptas Harshavardhana Satavahanas Sangam Age Kushans-Kanishka Badami Chalukyas Kalyani Chalukyas Pallavas Cholas Rashtrakutas Muslim Invasions Rajputs Delhi Sultans Qutb-Ud-din-Aibak Iltutmish Balban Alauddin Khilji Muhammad Bin Tughluq Mughal Empire Babar Humayun Akbar Akbar Administration Jahangir Nurjahan Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Aurangzeb Sher Shah Bahmani Sultans Vijayanagara Empire Marathas Sikhs-Guru Nanak Sikhs-Ranjit Singh Hoysalas Jats Kakatiyas Kalachuris Later Pandyas Yadavas Portuguese British French Dutch Danes Anglo French Revalry First Carnatic War Second Carnatic War Third Carnatic War Battle of Plassey 1957 Battle of Buxar Expansion of British Empire First Anglo-Mysore War Second Anglo-Mysore War Third Anglo-Mysore War Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Tippu Sultan Mysore Kingdom First Anglo-Maratha War Second Anglo-Maratha War Third Anglo-Maratha War Lord Warren Hastings Lord Cornwallis Lord Wellesley Lord William Bentinck Lord Dalhousie Subsidiary Alliance-Nizam Nizam Ul Mulk Later Mughals-Bahadur Shah Oudh Kingdom Travencore Kingdom Socio-Religious Movements 1857 Revolt 1857 Revolt-Results Sambalpur Revolt Sanyasi Revolt Rippon Lord Curzon Vandemataram Movemement Reunification of Bengal Home Rule Movement Rowlatt Satyagraha Khilafat Movement Non Cooperation Movement Chauri-Chaura Incident Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement Rise of Nationalism Societies-Organizations Indian National Congress Moderates Surath Congress 1907 Lucknow Pact Muslim League Pakistan Extrimists Bal Gangadhar Tilak Lala Lajapathi Roy Bipin Chandra Pal Netaji Subhas Chandrabose Mahatma Gandhi Champaran Satyagraha Ahmadabad Mill Strike Kheda Satyagraha Communal Award Gandhi Irwin Pact Swaraj Party Gadhar Party Revol. Nationalism-Maharashtra Revolutionary Nationalism-Bengal Hindusthan Socialist Republic Ass Lahore Conspiracy Case Kakori Conspiracy Case Jallian Wallah Bagh Massacre Nehru Report 1928 Minto Morley Reforms Montague Chelmsford Reforms Govt. of Indian Act 1935 Montague Declaration Constituent Assembly Elections Atlee Declaration Cabinet Mission Crips Mission Round Table Conferences Simon Commission Wavell Plan Lord Mountbatten Boundary Commission Partition of India