Indian History

Vijayanagara Empire

  • With the blessings of Vidyarana, Hari Hara and Bukka established Vijayanagara kingdom on the banks of river Tungabhadra in 1336 A.D.
  • It was established during the period of Muhammad-Bin-Tughlu, the Delhi Sultan.
  • Viijayanagara Empire was ruled by four dynasties i.e. Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva and Aravidu dynasties.
  • Hari Hara and Bukka of the Vikayanagara empire belonged to Sanga dyanasty. Sangama was the father of Hari Hara Bukka. Hence the dynasty named sangama after his name.
  • Vijayanagara kingdom played significat role in South India during the medieval period.
  • The Vijayanagara Empire successfully resisted the Muslim expansion into South India for three centuries. The rulers of Vijayanagara Empire constantly fought with Bahmani Sultans.
  • During the period of Sri Krishna Devaraya Vijayanagara empire reached its zenith in prosperity, power, peace and learning. The Portuguese traveller Domingo Paes visited Vijayanagara in 1520.
  • Vijayanagara was the capital of Vijayanagara Empire.
  • It is now ruined and surrounded today Hampi.
  • It is in the Bellary District of Karnataka state.