Indian History

Lord Canning

  • Lord Canning (1856-62):
  • The important event in his period was the revolt broke out in 1857 and was suppressed in 1858.
  • The effect of the revolt wast that the rule of East India Company was ended and the Government of India was taken over by the British Crown.
  • Lord Canning was the last Governor General of East India Company and the First Viceroy under the Crown. Formal declaration to this effect was made in 1858.
  • During the period of Lord Canning Act for good administration was passed in 1858.
  • Indian Council Act, 1861 was passed during his period. This act provided for the setting up of legislatures in the Presidencies and the Charted High Courts were set up in place of Supreme Courts and Adalats of the English Company.
  • The proposal of income tax was accepted. It was to be at the rate of 5% for five years on incme of Rs.500 and more a year.
  • The Indian Penal Code and the Code of Criminal procedure were made during his period.
  • Severe famine took place in 1861 in north west provinces of Agra and Oudh.
  • Dispute between European Indigo planters and the Bengal peasentry took place and was settled by the Secretary of State.