Indian History

Brahma Samaj

  • Brahma Sabha was founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1828. Later Brahma Sabha changed into Brahma Samaj. RajaRam Mohan Roy was regarded as father of Indian renaissance. He started Atmiya Sabha in 1814. He died at Bristol in england in 1833. debendranath Tagore stated the Tatvabodhini Sabha in 1839 to propogate the ideas of RajaramMohan Roy. After the death of RajaRamMohanroy Brahma Samaj was divided into two. One is BrahmaSamaj of India headed by Keshab Chandra Sen. Another one is Adi brahmasamaj headed by Debendranath. Prarthana Samaj was founded in 1867 in Bombay. Atmaram Pandurang played a key role in its establishment. M.G Ranade and G.G.Agarkar were closely associated with this society. Arya Samaj was founded by Swami dayananda Saraswathi(Mulashankar) in 1875 in Bombay. Ramakrishna Mission was founded by Swami Vivekananda alias Narendra dutta in 1897. Its headquarter was Belur. Swami vivekananda attended the Parliament of Religions held at Chicago in 1893. He published two papers Prabhudha bharat in English, and Udbodhana in Bengali. Theosophical society was founded by Madame H.P.Blavatsky and col.H.P.Olcott in United States in 1815. Its headquarter in India is at Adayar. Theosphical Movement became very popular with the arrival of Annie Besant to India in 1893. She laid foundation of central Hindu college, varanasi in 1898.

    Aligarh Movement was led by Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan. Deoband Movement founded by Maulana Hussain Ahmed. Ahmadiya Movement founded by Mirza ghulam Ahmed. Rehnumai Mazayan sabha was jointly founded by Furdonji Dadabhai Naoroji and S.S.Bengali. Ishwar Chandra VidyaSagar fought in favour of Widow remarriage. Widow Remarriage Act was passed in 1856. The first remarriage took place in Culcutta on 7 th Dec. 1856. JyotibaPhule fought against upper caste domination. Gopalakrishna Gokhale is the founder of the Servents of Indian Society in 1905 in Bombay. N.M. Joshi is the founder of service league in 1911 at Bombey. In December 1829 during the reign of William Bentic Sati was abolished. The Native Marriages Act, 1872 prohibited the marriage of girls below the age of 14. The Sharada Act, 1930 provides penal action in marriage of boys under 18 and girls under 14 years of age. Charter Act,1833 abolished slavery in India.

    After the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy Brahma Samaj was divided into Brahma Samaj of India and Adi Brahma Samaj.

    Brahma Samaj of India was headed by Keshab Chandra Sen and Adi Brahma Samaj was headed by Debendranath Tagore.

    Dinabandhu Sarvajanik Sabha was founded by Jyothiba Phule.

    Swami Dayananda Saraswathi established Arya samaj.

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy was called as father of Modern India.

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy was called as the father of Indian Renaissance.

    Raja Ram Mohan Roy wrote 'Gift to Monotheists'.

    Swami Dayananda Saraswati is called as Marti Luther of India.
    Gopalakrishna Gokhale is the founder of the Servents of Indian Society in 1905 in Bombay.
    Rehnumai Mazayan sabha was jointly founded by Furdonji Dadabhai Naoroji and S.S.Bengali.

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