Ancient Indian History
Sixth Centruy BC
Modern Indian History
The later half of the seventh century AD is called as transition period from anciet to medieval.
Rise of many Rajput dynasties was the most important feature of this period.
The period from the death of Harsha to the Muslim conquest of India is called as "Rajput Age".
Some of the most notable Rajput dynasties were Gurjara Pratiharas of Kanauj, the Chandellas of Bundelkhand, the Paramaras of Malwa, the Chauhans of Ajmer, the Pala kings of Bihar and Bengal, the Gahadvalas and the Senas.
They dominated the polities of Northern India after the death of Harsha and established many states.
The origin of the Rajputs is a matter of great controversy. There were many theories regarding the origin of the Rajputs.
They claimed their antiquity from the Fire God.
Rajputras are mentioned as Agnikula Kshatriyas in Prithviraj Raso.
The word "Rajput" is used in certain parts of Rajasthan to denote the illegitimate sons of a kshatriya chief or Jagirdar.
The Rajput is derived from the Sanskrit word Rajputra which means a "scion of the royal blood".
The word Rajput occurs in the Puranas and also in Bana`s Harshacharita.
According to traditional view the Rajputs were natives of India. They were connected to the Solar and Lunar kshatriay dynasties of the Epic times.
Col.Tod was of the opinion that the Rajputs were of foreign origin. According to him they had come from the west far beyond the Indus.
Historians like V.A Smith assign a mixed origin to the Rajputs. According to him Seythians and Hunas merged with native tribes and formed a new race.
Pratiharas claimed their origin from Lakshmana, brother of Rama of Ramayana.
Pratiharas centered around Ujjain. Nagabhatta occupied Kanauj.
The Pratiharas became military power at the cost of Bengal and Dahala rulers.
The Pratiharas and their successors Paramaras faced rivalry from Gahadwalas.
Enmity developed between Rashtrakutas and Pratiharas.
Chandellas ruled Bundelkhand also called Jejakabhukti.
According to the Rajatarangini written by Kalhana, Sindh was ruled by Roy and Coc families.
Bengal was ruled by Pala and Sena dynasties.
Kashmir was ruled by Karkotaka, Utpala, Lohara and Shahi dynasties.
The southern boundary of Rajput dynasties was river Narmada.
Gahadwalas centered around Kanauj.
Chauhans ruled Ajmir.
Paramaras were the successors of Pratiharas in Malwa.
The rivalry continued between the Paramaras of Malwa and Kalyani Chalukyas.
Chandellas had developed into a political power in Jejakabhukti.
Jeja was the political force in this dynasty. He founded a new town Mahoba.
Dhanga, Harshadeva and Ganda were his successors.
Harshadeva helped Pratihara Mahipala in getting power.
Chandellas got Kalinjar by the time of the Paramaras and formed a settlement at Khajuraho.
Chandela Vidyadhara became emeny of Abdul Khasim Muhammad of Ghazni by defeating Rajyapala of Malwa.
Chandellas were defeated in the hands of Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1203 A.D.
The enmity cropped between Gahadwalas and Chauhans is the same with that of Prathihara-Rashtrakuta rivalry or Paramara-Kalyani Chalukya rivary.
Chandradeva and Govinda Chandra of Gahadwala dynasty, Ajayaraja and Visaladeva IV vigraharaja of Chauhans tried to arrest the disintegrating forces.
The defeat of Pruthviraj Chauhan in the hands of Ghur ruler laid the foundation for the Delhi Sultanate.
Many of the Rajput families lost their existence due to wars with Muhammad or his generals.
Any left outs by chance were subdued during the period of Allaudding Khilji. All the Rajput families had lost their survival by 1308 AD.
Modern Indian History
Advent of Europeans
Establishment of British Rule
Expansion of British Empire
East India Company Rule