Indian History

Vandemataram Movement

  • Vandemataram Movement is also called Swadeshi Movement.
  • It was Anti-Bengal Partition Movement.
  • The Viceroy Lord Curzon divided the Bengal province into two in 1905.
  • The partition was announced on July 4, 1905 and came into force on 16 October, 1905.
  • Bengal people observed 16th October as day of mourning.
  • The song of Vandemataram written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee became the prayer song for the meetings of anti-partition movement.
  • Extremists spread the movement to entire India.
  • In the programme of Swadeshi foreign goods and foreign educational institutions were boycotted and substituted by Swadeshi goods and Swadeshi schools.
  • Swadeshi schools and colleges were established.
  • National Colleges were established at Calcutta and Machilipatnam.
  • The song Amar Sonar Bangla written by Rabindranath Tagore also inspired the people.
  • Lala Lajapathi Roy, Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal played a key role in the Vandemataram Movement.
  • Tilak declared "Swaraj is my birth right".