Indian History


  • Babar was the founder of Mughal Empire in India.
  • He was born in 1483.
  • He was related to Timur on his father side and Chengiz Khan on his mother side.
  • At the age of 12 he became the king of Farghana. His uncles and cousins by taking the advantage of his youth attacked him. Babar lost both Farghana and Samarkhand by 1502.
  • He conquered Kabul in 1504.
  • He captured Bajaur, Kandahar, and Lahore.
  • But with in a year he was driven out of Samarkand.
  • Babar captured Badkshan in 1520 and was kept under the charge of Humayun.
  • Kandhar was captured in 1522 and was given to Kamran.
  • Babar received invitations from Daulat Khan Lodi, Governor of Punjab, Alauddin, Uncle of Ibrahim and Rana Sanga.
  • Babar captured Lahore and appointed Alauddin as the Governor of Lahore in 1524.
  • Later Alauddin was driven out by Daulat Khan Lodi.
  • Babar invaded against Delhi with 12,000 soldiers.
  • In the battle that took place in Panipat on 12th April 1526 Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed.
  • The First Battle of Panipat laid foundation of Mughal Empire in India and ended the rule of Delhi Sultanate.
  • After the First Battle of Panipat Babar invaded against Rajputs.
  • Rajputs under the leadership of Rana Sanga fought with Babar at Kanwah on 17th March 1527. But Rajputs were defeated.
  • After the Battle of Kanwah Babar captured Chanderi fort in 1528.
  • Medini Roy of Chanderi and Rajputs fought with Babar. But they were defeated.
  • The ruler of Bihar, Muhammad Lodi and the ruler of Bengal Nasrat Shah fought with Babar in the Battle of Gogra in May 1529. But they were defeated.
  • Babar was died in December, 1530
  • Tuzuk-i-Babri is the autobiography of Babur. It was written by Babur during his leisure period. It was written in Turki language. It was translated into Persia, English, French and many other European languages.