Indian History

Indus Valley Civilization

  • Indus Valley Civilization also known as Harappa Civilization.
  • It was discovered in 1921-1922. It is earlier to Vedic Civilization.
  • John Marshal carried out excavations in the Indus region.
  • The first discovered site was Harappa.
  • The important sites of Harappa civilization are Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Dholavira, Lotha, Rangapur, Kalibhanga, Rupar, Banvali etc.
  • The main feature of Harappan Civilization was Town Planning.
  • This Civilization belongs to Metal Age.
  • Metal age began in 5000 B.C. during this age man used copper and bronze to make implements.
  • Dravidians were the founders of this civilization.
  • This civilization belongs to proto-historic period.
  • The ancient name of the Indus region was Meluha.
  • Harappa and Mohenjodaro were the largest sites of Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Many historians proposed different dates about the period of Indus Valley Civilization but the generally accepted period was 2300-1750 B.C.