Indian History

Early Vedic Civillization

  • Vedic culture fourished between 1500-600 B.C. Vedic Civilization is divided into Early and Later Vedic Civilization.
  • Early Vedic Civilization is also called as Rig Vedic Civilization.
  • Rigveda is the first and oldest Veda. It was composed during the early vedic period.
  • The original home of Aryans may be saptasindu or centra Asia or Arctic region or Tibet.
  • They probably enter into India through Khyber pass.
  • Aryans called Indus People as Dasyus. They fought with Dasyus.
  • Aryans first settled in India Sindh and Punjab regions.
  • The main ocupation of Rugvedic Aryans was cattle breeding. They know the agriculture.
  • Rigveda refers to Mujavant. Mujavant is one of the peaks of the Himavant. Himavant is a Himalayan mountain. The source of soma drink is Mujavant.
  • Aitareya Brahmana mentioned that the India was divided into five parts. Sapta sindu was the heartland of Rigvedic culture.
  • Rigvedic hymns were composed by viswamitra, Vashishtha, Arthi. etc.
  • The Rigveda culture was mainly pastoral.
  • The largest number of Rugvedic hymns are dedicated to Indra.
  • The God Agni is an intermediary between the gods and people.
  • Rig Veda tells about the Aryans when they settled in Sindh and Punjab regions.
  • Vedas were written in Sanskrit.
  • The language of Aryans was Sanskrit. From Sanskrit North Indian languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi were originated.
  • The Sindh and Punjab regions were called by Aryans as Sapta Sindhu.
  • Rig Veda tells about the famous battle among the Aryan clans called Dasarajna.
  • Agriculture and cattle rearing were the main occupation of Aryans.
  • Soma and Sura were the two intoxicating drinks consumed by the Aryans.
  • Soma was consumed by the Aryans during the conduct of Yagnas.
  • Sura was the habitual drink of Aryans.
  • Sudas got victory against the confedaracy of ten kings in Dasaraja Yuddha.
  • The region watered by the five rivers of Punjab and Sindh and Saraswati was called Sapta Sindhu.
  • The chief Gods during the Early Vedic Civilization were Indra and Agni.
  • Indra was the water god and weather god during the Early Vedic Civilization.
  • Cow occupied a prominent place in Early Vedic Culture.
  • Indra was the God of War during the Early Vedic period.
  • Aryans worshipped Indra, Ushas, Vayu, Varuna, Aswins and Bhumi.
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