Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
The Government of India has launched the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) with the aim of providing basic civic amenities like water supply, sewerage, urban transport, parks as to improve the quality of life for all especially the poor and the disadvantaged. The focus of the Mission is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of better services to the citizens.
The purpose of “AMRUT” mission is to (i) ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection (ii) increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces e.g. parks and (iii) reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport e.g. walking and cycling.
The major project components are Water Supply system, Sewerage, Septage, Storm Water Drainage, Urban Transport, Green Space and Parks, Reforms management and support, Capacity building etc. in that order of priority. The universal coverage of water supply and sewerage services have first charge in the Mission. There is maximum allocation of 2.5% of project cost for development of parks with children and elderly friendly features.
Total outlay for AMRUT is Rs. 50,000 crores for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-20 and the Mission and is being operated as Central Sponsored Scheme. The project fund is divided among States/UTs in an equitable formula in which 50:50 weightage is being given to the urban population of each State/UT and number of statutory towns.
The Mission covers covering 500 cities that includes all cities and towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities. The Mission is encouraging and supporting the States in conducting reforms that will improve the financial health of the ULBs, delivery of citizen services, transparency and cut the cost of services.
The Ministry has circulated model building bylaws and has advised the States to adopt them, specifically its 14 essential features. The Ministry is also supporting the States in conduct of credit rating of the Mission cities that will help them raise resources from the market. The Ministry is also helping them to conduct energy audit of the pumping systems in the cities in order to improve the energy efficiency.