Indian History


Samagra Shiksha, an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from preschool to class 12, is being implemented with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.
The vision of the Scheme is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education from pre-school to senior secondary stage in accordance with the SDG for Education.
The main outcomes of the Scheme are envisaged as Universal Access, Equity and Quality including Vocational Education, Inclusive Education, increased use of Technology and strengthening of Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs).
The scheme was launched in 2018-19 with the following major features:
Holistic approach to education: Treat school education holistically as a continuum from Pre-school to Class 12 with inclusion of support for senior secondary levels and pre-school levels for the first time.
Focus on Quality of Education: Enhanced focus on improving quality of education and learning outcomes by focus on the two T’s – Teachers and Technology.
Enhanced Capacity Building of Teachers and School Heads, BRC, CRCs.
Focus on strengthening Teacher Education Institutions like SCERTs and DIETs to improve the quality of prospective teachers in the system.
Annual Grant per school for strengthening of Libraries: Library grant of ` 5,000 to ` 20,000/-. Support for Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan to promote Science and Math learning.
Focus on Digital Education:
Enhanced use of digital technology in education through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels and ICT infrastructure in schools from upper primary to higher secondary level. Support to “DIKSHA”, a digital platform which offers teachers, students and parents engaging learning material relevant to the prescribed school curriculum.
Strengthening of Schools:
Improve the Quality of Infrastructure in Government Schools at all levels.
Enhanced Transport facility to children from classes I to VIII for universal access to schools.
Composite school grant increased from ` 14,500-50,000 to ` 25,000- 1 lakh and to be allocated on the basis of school enrolment, with atleast 10 per cent allocation for Swachhta activities – support ‘Swachh Vidyalaya’
Focus on Girl Education:
Upgradation of Kasturba Gandhi BalikaVidyalayas (KGBVs) from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12.
Self-defence training for girls from upper primary to senior secondary stage
Stipend for Children with Special Needs (CWSN) girls to be provided from Classes I to XII. – earlier only IX to XII.
Enhanced Commitment to ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’
Focus on Inclusion:
Allocation for uniforms under RTE Act enhanced from ` 400 to ` 600 per child per annum.
Allocation for textbooks under the RTE Act, enhanced from ` 150/250 to ` 250/400 per child per annum. QR coded Energized textbooks introduced.
Allocation for CWSN increased from ` 3000 to ` 3500 per child per annum. Stipend of ` 200 per month for Girls with Special Needs from Classes 1 to 12.
Special training for age appropriate admission of out of school children at elementary level. Focus on Skill Development:
Vocational education for Class 9-12 as integrated with the curriculum and to be made more practical and industry oriented.
Focus on Sports and Physical Education
Sports Education to be an integral part of curriculum and every school will receive sports equipment’s at the cost of ` 5000 to ` 25,000 to inculcate and emphasize relevance of sports.
Focus on Regional Balance:
Promote Balanced Educational Development
Preference to Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs), LWE affected districts, Special Focus Districts (SFDs), Border areas and the 115 aspirational districts identified by NITI Aayog Under the Samagra Shiksha scheme, a National Mission to improve learning outcomes at the elementary level through an Integrated Teacher Training Programme called NISHTHA (National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement) was contextualized and made 100 per cent online according to the needs of teaching and learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Padhna Likhna Abhiyan: An adult education scheme has been introduced in FY 2020-21 to make 57 lakh learners’ literate.
During 2019-20, the Mid-Day Meal (MDM) Programme in schools covered 11.59 crore children enrolled in elementary classes (I-VIII) in 11.34 lakh eligible schools.