Indian History

National Education Policy

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020
Universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 per cent Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
To bring ` 2 crore out of school children back into the mainstream through universalization of access and expanding the open schooling system.
The current 10+2 system to be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years, respectively
Class 10 and 12 board examinations to be made easier to test core competencies rather than memorized facts.
School governance is set to change, with a new standards framework based on online selfdeclaration in the public domain for both public and private schools.
Emphasis on foundational literacy and numeracy, and no rigid separation between academic streams, extra-curricular, vocational streams in schools.
Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.
Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/regional language, wherever possible. No language will be imposed on any student.
Assessment reforms with 360-degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking student progress for achieving learning outcomes
A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for school education, Early Childhood Care & Education, Teacher Education and Adult Education.
By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree.