Indian History

Conventional and non conventional energy resources

Power resources are essential for the economic development of the country. Conventional power resources are those which can get exhausted. Ex: coal, petroleum, atomic power etc. Renewable energy sources are solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, Geo thermal energy, bio-gas etc. They are called nonconventional energy sources. Nonconventional power sources are those which are not exhaustible.

Most important of them are solar power, wind power and hydroelectric Power. In view of the shortage of electricity in the country, non-conventional energy sources like solar power and wind power have become very important.

Need for non-conventional energy: In India, the main energy resources being used are exhaustible energy resources. It has become inevitable to use non-conventional energy sources to conserve the conventional energy sources. Exploration and use of Non exhaustible energy uses have gained a lot of importance in the five-year plans.

Owing to the use of conventional energy sources like coal, petroleum, natural gas and other fossil fuels, the phenomenon of green-house effect and consequent increase in temperature of the earth’s atmosphere is being noticed all over the world. This is called ‘global warming’. Population increase, urbanization, industrialization etc. have also led to the increased use of fossil fuels. Due to this, environmental pollution is increasing. It is essential to reduce the use of such fuels and preserve environmental stability.

Power Generation (Billion Units)
Hydroelectric: 129.24
Thermal: 878.32
Nuclear: 36.10
Bhuta Import: 5.10
Total: 1048.67
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