Indian History

Poverty in India

Poverty estimates based on the Tendulkar Committee methodology using household consumption expenditure survey data collected by the NSSO in its 68th round (2011-12) shows that the incidence of poverty declined from 37.2 per cent in 2004-05 to 21.9 per cent in 2011-12 for the country as a whole, with a sharper decline in the number of rural poor.

While the rural poverty ratio declined from 41.8 per cent in 2004-05 to 25.7 per cent in 2011-12, the urban poverty ratio declined from 25.7 per cent in 2004-05 to 13.7 per cent in 2011-12. The rural poverty ratio still remains much higher than the urban.