Diversity is found in the distribution of population in India. The distribution varies from place to place. The Ganga plain is the central part of India. It has highest populaties. The states on either side, Rajasthan in the west and North-eastern states in the east have less population. The distribution in South India shows Kerala state as having highest density of population and the peninsular plateau has low density. The coastal states on either side have have high density of population. Uttar Pradesh has the highest population and Sikkim has the lowest population.
Factors influencing the distribution of population: The distribution of population in India is influenced by various geographical, economic, political and social factors. In addition, distribution of rainfall, temperature, soil, irrigation, minerals, power resources, industrial development, transport facilities, trade and commerce, defence etc. These factors have influenced the unequal in population distribution. Areas having more Residencial facilities higest density of population. On the otherhand areas which have lack of residencial facilities have low density of Population, Even now many areas in India have a low density due to these reasons. Factors identified for of low density of population:
3. Desert regions
5. Other Natural hazards.