Bauxite ore: Bauxite is the ore of aluminium. It is mixed with sand and iron oxide. Being brownish yellow and grey in colour, bauxite is sticky like clay in nature.
Bauxite has about 60-70% of aluminium oxide and by melting this, aluminium metal is obtained. Since aluminium is used for various purposes.
Bauxite is mainly used in the production of aluminium.
India has huge bauxite deposits and it is self sufficient in aluminium production.
India ranks 5th in the world in bauxite deposits.
Bauxite is available in plenty in Koraput, Kalahandi, Bolangir, Sundergarh of Orissa, Jamnagar, Bhavnagar, Junagadh, Bharuch and Surat districts of Gujarat, Ranchi, Polamao, Shahabad, Lohardaga of Jharkhand, Ratnagiri, Kolhapur, Ambolighat, Udayagiri, Radhanagari, Dungarvadi and Darbhanga of Maharashtra, Bastar, Bilaspur, Raigad and Surguja districts of Chattisgarh.
In addition, Madhya Pradesh, Belgaum of Karnataka, Salem and Madurai of Tamil Nadu, Vishakapatnam of Andhra also have bauxite deposits.
Saudi Arabia, the U.A.E, Britain, Germany, Japan and the U.S.A. import bauxite from India.