The economic development of any country is decided mainly by the industrial development of that country.Industries are the main features of modern civilization and they provide us the necessary materials and employment opportunities.
Generally, any human activity which is a engaged in the conversion of raw materials into readily usable materials is called an industry. Ex: Sugarcane into sugar, Cotton to cloth, Bauxite into Aluminium, Conversion of wood pulp into paper etc.
During all the five-year plans after independence India priority has given priority to industries. The progress in industry and technology in the last five decades has been very significant. Industries provide 35% of the total national income.