Textile Industry covers a wide range of activities ranging from generation of raw materials such as jute, wool, silk and cotton to greater value added goods such as readymade garments prepared from different types of man made or natural fibers.
Textile industry provides job opportunity to over 45 million individuals thus playing a major role in the national`s economy. It has currentyly 4% share in GDP and the contribution of this industry to export earnings of the country is about 11%.
Production of cloth from various types of fibres is called ‘Textile Industry’. It includes, cotton textile industry, jute industry, silk industry, wollen industry and production of cloth from synthetic
fibres. History of cotton textile industry goes back to a long past
than other industries.
In India the first cotton textile mills established in 1854 at Mumbai and Bharauch. By the year 1951, there were 378 cotton textile mills and their number increased to 1773 in the year 2008. They are distributed in 175 towns and cities across the country.
Distribution: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have maximum number of cotton textiles mills.
Mumbai of Maharashtra has the largest cotton mills and hence, it is called the ‘Manchester of India’ (Manchester is Britain’s main textile industry centre) or ‘Cottonopolis’ of India.
In addition, Nagpur, Sholapur, Kolkatta, Kanpur of Uttar Pradesh, Indore of Madhya Pradesh, Surat of Gujarat, Coimbatore, Salem and Chennai of Tamil Nadu, Bengaluru and Davangere of Karnataka have cotton textile mills.