The first paper industry in India was established in Serampur of West Bengal in 1840 on the banks of the river Hoogly. Later, in 1867, another factory was started in Bally near Kolkata.
The raw materials for the paper industry are bamboo obtained from the forests, wood pulp and grass. Majority of the paper industries of the country are found in West Bengal.
Paper factories are also established in Mumbai, Pune, Chindwara, Amaravathi, Nagpur, Nasik, Karad, Rajamundry, Raigadh, Tirupati, Meerut, Varanasi, Ghaziabad and Lucknow.
Paper factories are located at many places of Gujarat, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. There are about 568 paper mills in the country. News print paper is being imported from Norway, Sweden, Canada and the U.S.A.