Jute industry is one of the oldest in the country. The first power diriven jute mill was established in the country at Rishra near Kolkata in 1859 and since then the industry has made rapid progress.
Globally, India is the largest producer and the second largest exporter of jute goods and this sector provides employment to 40 lakh farm families as well as direct and indirect employment to 4 lakh workers.
There are 83 jute mills in the country at present of which 64 are in West Bengal. The total production was 1,592 thousand metric tons in 2012-13.