Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal.Aluminium Industry is one of the leading metal industry in the Indian economy. Indian Aluminium Industry was first established in the year 1808 and it took almost 46 years to make its production commercially viable.
India is the second largest aluminum producing country in the world with a production of 3.96 MT in 2014-15, which was lower only than China`s production of 21.48 MT. India is the third largest aluminum consuming country with a consumption of 3.8 MT in 2014-15, lower than China with 22.09 MT and the USA with 5.5 MT, India’s share in world aluminum consumption has increased from 3 per cent in 2008-9 to 7 per cent in 2014-15.
Aluminium was discovered recently in the year 1886. It is the most important non-ferrous metal produced in India. Aluminium industries are concentrated in a few places in the country. This industry depends mainly on three factors: supply of electricity, availability of bauxite, availability of other metals and supply of capital.
The aluminium industries are in Orissa, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.