Second Five Year Plan
The period of Second Five Year Plan was 1956-1961. This plan laid emphasis on rapid industrialisation with a focus on heavy industries and capital goods. The target growth rate was 4.5% and the actual growth rate was 4.27%.
The total amount allocated under the Second Five-Year Plan in India was Rs.48 billion. This amount was allocated among various sectors: power and irrigation, social services, communications and transport, and miscellaneous.
The plan followed the Mahalanobis model, an economic development model developed by the Indian statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in 1953. The plan attempted to determine the optimal allocation of investment between productive sectors in order to maximise long-run economic growth.
It used the prevalent state of art techniques of operations research and optimization as well as the novel applications of statistical models developed at the Indian Statistical Institute.
Hydroelectric power projects and five steel plants at Bhilai, Durgapur, and Rourkela were established with the help of Russia, Britain (the U.K) and West Germany respectively.Coal production was increased. More railway lines were added in the north east.
The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was established as research institutes.In 1957 a talent search and scholarship program was begun to find talented young students to train for work in nuclear power. Due to the assumption of a closed economy, shortages of food and capital were felt during this Plan.