More than half the proportion of workers in India is working in agriculture and its related activities. Also among men and women, it is the women who get employment opportunities in agriculture. Nearly 70 per cent of working women are engaged in agriculture.
Two kinds of people are engaged in farming – agricultural labourers and cultivaros. Cultivators are those farmers who have some land and also use land belonging to others for cultivation. Agriculture labourers are those who are landless labourers who work on others lands.
Since population also increases with time we look at the absolute numbers, the number of people working in agriculture increased from 97 million in 1951 to 234 million in 2001. Hence the number of agricultural labourers who are seeking a livelihood in rural areas has increased.