Indian History

Types of Fertilizers

a. Urea

b. Diammonium Phosphate (DAP)

c. Muriate of Potash (MOP)

In many ways, urea dominates the sector. Of all the fertilisers, it is the most produced (86 per cent), the most consumed (74 per cent share), and the most imported (52 per cent). Modi government has made production of Neem coated urea 100% mandatory. All imported urea is also required to be coated with Neem oil. By use of Neem coated urea, there is estimated saving of 10-15% in comparison to plain urea.

The government budgeted Rs. 73,000 crore (about 0.5 per cent of GDP) on fertiliser subsidies in 2015-16. Nearly 70 per cent of this amount was allocated to urea, the most commonly used fertiliser, making it the largest subsidy after food. Punjab has highest consumpiton of fertilizers in 2009-10. The consumption of fertlizers in India in 2009-10 is 135.27 Kgs/Hectare.