India is the largest producer of tea in the world. Average temperature of 21° C and rainfall of 100-200 cms are essential. It requires fertile soil with rich organic matter and hill slopes with sand-mixed black soil.
Tea grows well at an altitude of 1200 to 2400 metres. Important tea growing states are Assam, West-Bengal, Tamilnadu and Kerala. India is famous for Tea export.
Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture. The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates. Tea bushes require warm and moist frost-free climate all through the year. Tea is a labour intensive industry.
It requires abundant and skilled labour. Major tea producing states are in the hill regions of Assom, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. India is one of the leading producer as well as exporter of tea in the world.