Paddy: Paddy (Rice) is the most important food crop of India. India has the largest Paddy growing area in the world. India is the second largest producer of paddy in the world after China.
It is a major kharif crop.It requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Stagnation of water is required till harvest.
West Bengal is the largest Paddy-producing state in India. Other of Paddy cultivation states are Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.
China is in first place in producing Paddy in the world. India is in second place in the world in producing Paddy. The share of production Paddy by the China to the world production is 28.7%. The share of production of Paddy by the India to the world production is 19.51%.
The yield of Paddy in Chaina is 65820 Kg/Hectare in 2009. The yield of Paddy in India is 31947 Kg/Hectare in 2009.10. The yield of Paddy in the world is 43287 Kg/Hectare 2009.11. The average production of rice in India from 2005-06 to 2009-10 is 94.02 Million Tonnes.