Cotton:India is believed to be the original home of the cotton plant. Cotton is the most important fibre crop in India. Raw cotton is used as raw material in cotton mills. India ranks first in area under cotton cultivation and second in the production of cotton.
Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. It grows well in areas where temperature is 20° to 25° C with a rainfall of 75 to 150 cms. Black soil and loamy soil support the growth of cotton.
Cotton is grown as a kharif crop. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh are important cotton-growing states.