General Studies
Mcqs on Mughal Empire French Revolution Digestive System Mauryan Empire Indian Geography Delhi Sultans Vitamins Early Vedic Civilization Jainism Quit India Resolution Nauroj Introduction Muhammad Bin Tughluq Five Year Plans Indus Valley Civilization Nervous System Circulatory System Gupta Empire Advent of Europeans Indian Constitution Vijayanagara Empire Chola Kingdom Buddhism Maratha Kingdom Mcqs on Gupta Empire Dyarchy Introduction Sense Organs-Eye Plants reproduction Mcqs on Delhi Sultans Delhi Sultan-Titles Samudragupta Ap Economy Excretory System Satavahana Empire Balban Amitraghata title Guptas Slave Dynasty-Quiz Test Micro Organisms India Physical Mcqs on Indus Valley Civilization Rice husk discovery Mughal Empire-Babar-Akbar Delhi Sultans-Quiz Test Taxation 1857 Revolt Sense Organs Ear Sikhs Cholas Peninsular Plateau Diseases Indian Constitution preparation Capital of Kanishka President Quiz Test President Mcqs Directive Principles Fundamental Duties adoption Jainism-Quiz Test President Resignation Governor Generals Harshavardhana Akbar Indian Constitution Quiz Test Mauryan Empire-Quiz Test Capital of Cholas Mcqs on Freedom Movement Mahavira Enlightenment Parliament Quiz Test Vikramanka Charita National Income Aryan Settlement Governor Generals Quiz test Advent of Europeans Quiz Test Camel Bones Discovery Mughal Empire Quiz Test Animal not known Constituent Assembly Jarkhand State Amendment Occupation of Aryans Muslim Invasions Player of Veena President Defence forces Jainism Mcqs Kesavananda Bharati Case Harsha Charita India States Quiz Test Plants reproduction Delhi Sultans Mcqs Fundamental Rights Cancel division of Bengal Kushans Voting Age Reduction Amendments Quiz TEst Preamble Quiz Test Complete indepenence declared Music Dance-Abolish Mauryas Mcqs Delhi Sultans Khalifa Indian Geography Mcqs Vandemataram Movement Judiciary Quiz Test

Indian History-Chronology

Ancient Indian history-Chronology:-
2500-1500 BC: Indus Valley Civilisation.
2000-1500: Aryans arrive from central Asia.
1500-1000: The Early Vedic Age – Rigveda.
1000-500: Later Vedic Period - Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Samhitas, early Upanishads and Sutras.
563-483 : Gautama Buddha – born at Lumbini (Nepal); attainment of knowledge – Bodh Gaya (Bihar); first sermon – Sarnath, near Varanasi (UP); Nirvana – Kusinagar (Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh).
540-468 : Mahavira – born at Kundagrama near Vaishali (Bihar) and nirvana at Pavapuri (Patna, Bihar). 492-460 : Rule of Ajatasatru, son of Bimbisara, king of Magadha.
364-321 : Rule of Nandas of Magadha 326 : Invasion of India by Alexander Battle of Hydaspes. 322-298 : Reign of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan dynasty.
273-232 : Reign of Ashoka , son of Bindusara
261 : Kalinga war.
257 : Asoka's conversion to Budhism by Upagupta.
250 : Third Buddhist council at Pataliputra 90 : Sakas invade India.
58 : The Vikrama Samvat (vikram era) introduced by King Vikramaditya of Ujjain. 20-46 AD : Gondophernes, the king of IndoParthians.
78 : Accession of Kanishka, The Saka era begins.
100-300 : The Sangam Age in south India.
50 BC-250 AD : Satavahana dynasty in the Deccan.
320-335 : Reign of Chandragupta-I.
335-380 : Reign of Samudragupta known as Indian Napoleon.
380-414 : Reign of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya).
405-411 : The visit of the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien to India.
500-527 : Rule of Huns over North India. 606-647 : Harsha Vardhana of Kanauj. Hiuen-Tsang visited India (AD 630-644).
500-757 : First Chalukya dynasty of Vatapi
630 : Harsha's clash with PulakesinII
973-1190 : Chalukya dynasty of Kalyani
760-1142 : Palas of Eastern India.
985-1014 : Reign of Rajaraja, the Great. Starts a great land survey (AD 1000).
1014-1044 : Reign of Rajendra Chola. Naval campaign against Sri Vijaya kingdom.
788-820 : Sankaracharya and his philosophy of Advaita.
Medieval Indian History Chronology:-
712 : Arabs occupy Sindh.
871-1173 : Imperial cholas of Tanjore.
916-1203 : Construction of Khajuraho Temples.
1000-1027: Invasion of Mahmud of Ghazni.
1191 : Prithviraj III, defeated Muhammad Ghori in the first battle of Tarain .
1192 : Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj in theSecond Battle of Tarain in 1192.
1206 : Foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi by Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
1210 : Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak.
1210-1236: Reign of Iltutmish.
1221 : Mongol invasion under Chenghis Khan.
1231 : Iltumish completed the construction of Qutub Minar at Delhi.
1236-1240: Reign of Empress Raziya, daughter of Iltutmish, the first and last woman ruler of Medieval India. 1266-1287: Reign of Sultan Balban.
1288-1293: Visit of Marco Polo in India.
1290-1296 : Sultan Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khalji, founder of the Khalji dynasty.
1296 : Alauddin Khalji invades Devagiri.
1296-1316: Reign of Sultan Alauddin Khalji.
1309-1311: Malik Kafur's expedition into South India.
1320-1325: Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (Ghazi Malik), founder of the Tughlaq dynasty.
1325-1351: Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq. Transferred the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad-1327. Issue of token currency – 1329.
1333 : Ibn Batuta arrives in India.
1351-1388: Sultan Firuz Tughlaq.
1398 : Invasion of Timur during the reign of Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud
1414-1451: Reign of Sayyid dynasty.
1420 : Visit of Nicolo Conti.
1451-1526: Bahlul Lodhi (1451-89), Sikandar Lodhi (1489-1517), and Ibrahim Lodhi (1517-26)
1526 : The first Battle of Panipat (1526) Babur defeats Ibrahim Lodhi.
1336 : Foundation of the empire of Vijayanagar by Harihara and Bukka
1438-1468: Reign of Rana kumbha in Mewar.
1509-1530: Reign of Krishnadeva Raya, the greatest king of Vijayanagar.
1565 : Battle of Talikota, decline of the empire of Vijayanagar.
1346 : Foundation of the Bahmani kingdom by Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah (1347- 1358).
1498 : Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut
1505 : De Almeida, the first Viceroy of Portuguese in India
1510 : Conquest of Goa from the Adilshahi Sultan of Bijapur – 1510.
1526 : Babur defeats Ibrahim Lodhi at the first battle of Panipat. Formation of Mughal empire.
1527 : Battle of Khanwa. Babur defeats Rana Sanga of Mewar.
1530 : Accession of Humayun.
1538 : Death of Guru Nanak.
1539 : Sher Shah defeats Humayun at Chausa and assumes sovereignty
1540 : Humayun’s defeat near Kanauj.
1542 : Birth of Akbar.
1545 : Battle of Kalinjar.
1545 : Death of Sher Shah.
1555 : Battle of Sirhind. Sikandur Suri was defeated by Humayun, Humayun recovers the throne of Delhi.
1556 : Death of Humayun and accession of Akbar. Second Battle of Panipat.
1556-1605: Akbar's reign. 1564 : Abolition of Jezyah.
1565 : Battle of Talikota Vijayanagar destroyed.
1571 : Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri.
1576 : Battle of Haldighati and defeat of Maharana Pratap.
1579 : Infalliability decree issued by Akbar.
1581 : Din-i-Ilahi promulgated by Akbar.
1600 : Deccan expedition and siege of Ahmadnagar : Charter to British East India company.
1605 : Death of Akbar and accession of Jahangir.
1605-1627: Reign of Jahangir.
1609 : William Hawking visited Jahangir.
1615 : Sir Thomas Roe in the court of Jahangir.
1627 : Death of Jahangir. 1628 : Shah Jahan proclaimed Emperor.
1631 : Death of Mumtaz Mahal.
1636 : Treaties with Bijapur and Golcunda.
1658 : Coronation of Aurangzeb.
1659 : Murder of Afzal Khan by Shivaji.
1663 : Death of Mir Jumla. : Attack on Poona by Shivaji. : Shaista Khan appointed Governor of Bengal.
1665 : Conclusion of the treaty of Purandhar - signed between Sivaji and Jai Singh.
1666 : Death of Shah Jahan.
1674 : Sivaji's Coronation and assumption of the title of Chatrapati.
1675 : Execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur.
1679 : Jeziah imposed on the Hindus by Aurangzeb.
1680 : Death of Sivaji.
1686 : Conquest of Bijapur by Aurangzeb.
1687 : Golconda annexed to the Mughal empire.
1707 : Death of Aurangzeb at Ahmadnagar.
1739 : Invasion of Nadirshah.
1740-1761: Peshwaship of Balaji Baji Rao (Nana Saheb).
1746-48 : First Carnatic war.
1748-54 : Second Carnatic war.
1756-63 : Third Carnatic war.
1757 : Battle of Plassey.
1760 : Battle of Wandiwash.
1761 : Third Battle of Panipat: The Marathas defeated by the combined troops of Ahmad Shah Abdali; the Mughals, and other Muslim chiefs of India.
1764 : Battle of Buxar. The English defeat Shah Alam, Shuja-ud-daulah and Mir Qasim.
1765 : Grant of the ‘Diwani’ of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa to the East India Company by Shah Alam II under Treaty of Allahabad. : Clive, Company’s Governor in Bengal.
1765-72 : Dual Government of Bengal.
1767-69 : The First Anglo Mysore War.
1770 : The Great Bengal Famine.
1771 : Marathas occupy Delhi and restore Shah Alam who was till then under English protection at Allahabad.
Modern Indian History Chronology:-
1772-73 : Warren Hastings as Governor of Bengal. : Abolition of Dual Government of Bengal (1772).
1773 : The Regulating Act was passed, bringing the company partially under Parliament’s control and the Presidencies under Calcutta’s control.
1773-85 : Warren Hastings Governor-General. : Establishment of Supreme Court, Calcutta.
1775-82 : The First Anglo-Maratha War.
1776 : Treaty of Purandar
1780-84 : Second Mysore War.
1783 : Fox’s India Bills give more powers to Parliament and to the Governor-General.
1784 : Treaty of Mangalore between Tipu and the English : Pitt’s Act passed, Setting up Board of Control for East India Company. : Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones.
1786-93 : Lord Cornwalis, Governor-General. 1790-92 : Third Mysore War.
1792 : Treaty of Srirangapatnam signed between Tipu and English.
1793-98 : Sir John Shore, Governor-General.
1793 : The Permanent Zamindari Settlement of Bengal.
1798 : Lord Wellesley as Governor-General and brought subsidiary alliance.
1799 : Fourth Mysore War. Fall of Srirangapatnam. Death of Tipu.
1800 : Establishment of the College of Fort William.
1802 : The Treaty of Bassein between Peshwa and English.
1803 : Occupation of Delhi by Lord Lake.
1803-05 : Second Anglo-Maratha War.
1807-13 : Lord Minto as Governor-General.
1809 : Treaty of Amritsar-Ranjit Singh and British sign treaty of perpetual amity.
1813-23 : Lord Hastings as Governor-General.
1814-16 : Anglo-Gurkha War.
1817-18 : Pindari War – Peshwa defeated at Kirkee.
1818-19 : Last Anglo-Maratha War.
1823-28 : Lord Amherst Governor-General.
1824-26 : First Burmese War.
1828-35 : Lord William Bentinck as GovernorGeneral.
1829 : Prohibition of Sati.
1829-37 : Suppression of Thuggee.
1833 : Renewal of Company’s charter. Abolition of the Company’s trading rights.
1835-36 : Sir Charles Metcalf Governor-General.
1835 : Macaulay’s Education Resolution. English made official language instead of Persian.
1835 : Foundation of Calcutta Medical College.
1836-1842: Lord Auckland as Governor-General.
1839 : Death of Ranjit Singh.
1842-44 : Lord Ellenborough as Governor-General.
1844-48 : Lord Hardinge as Governor-General.
1845-46 : First Anglo-Sikh War. Treaty of Lahore.
1848-49 : Second Anglo-Sikh War. Defeat of Sikhs and annexation of the Punjab. : Opening of a Hindu Girls’ School in Calcutta by Bethune. 1848-56 : Lord Dalhousie as Governor-General.
1852 : Second Anglo-Burmese War.
1853 : Railway opened from Bombay to Thana. Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra.
1854 : Charles Wood’s despatch on Education.
1855 : Santhal insurrection in Bihar.
1856 : Annexation of Awadh. Indian University Act. Hindu Widow’s Remarriage Act.
1856-58 : Lord Canning – Governor-General.
1857-58 : Revolt of 1857. Revolt at Meerut begins on May 10, 1857.
1858 : British India placed under the direct government of the Crown. Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.
1858-62 : Lord Canning as Viceroy.
1861 : Indian Councils Act. : Archaeological Survey of India set up. : Indian Civil Service Act. : Introduction of the Penal code.
1862-63 : Lord Elgin as Viceroy.
1864-69 : Sir John Lawrence Viceroy.
1865 : Telegraphic communication with Europe opened.
1869-72 : Lord Mayo as Viceroy.
1875 : Visit of the Prince of Wales. : Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayananda.
1877 : Lord Lytton held Durbar at Delhi where Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.
1878 : Vernacular Press Act. 1879 : Theosophical Society at Adayar, (was set up) Madras.
1880-84 : Lord Ripon as Viceroy.
1881 : Factory Act.
1883 : Indian National Conference held in Calcutta.
1883-84 : Ilbert Bill controversy.
1884-88 : Lord Dufferin Viceroy.
1885 : First session of the Indian National Congress held at Bombay.
1887 : Queen Victoria's Jubilee. 1888-93 : Lord Landsdowne Viceroy.
1892 : Indian Councils Act.
1894-99 : Lord Elgin II Viceroy.
1896 : Ramakrishna Mission founded.
1899-1905: Lord Curzon Viceroy.
1905 : Partition of Bengal.
1905-10 : Lord Minto II Viceroy.
1906 : Muslim League formed at Dacca.
1907 : Surat Congress, moderates-extremists clash.
1908 : Newspapers Act. Tilak convicted of sedition.
1909 : Morley-Minto Reforms. : Indian Councils Act passed.
1910-16 : Lord Hardinge II Viceroy.
1911 : Delhi Durbar. : Partition of Bengal annulled. Census of India. : Transfer of Capital to Delhi announced
1914 : Gandhi arrives in India.
1916 : Lucknow Pact of Indian National Congress and All-India Muslim League. : Foundation of Women’s University at Poona. : The Home Rule League founded.
1916-21 : Lord Chelmsford as Viceroy.
1919 : Montague-Chelmsford Reforms. : Rowlatt Act passed. : Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar (April 13).
1920 : Khilafat Movement and Non Co-operation Movement.
1921 : Moplah Rebellion and Wagon Tragedy.
1921-26 : Lord Reading Viceroy.
1921 : Harappa excavations begin. 1922 : Mohenjodaro excavations begin. : Chauri Chaura incident. 1923 : Swarajists in Indian Councils.
1926-31 : Lord Irwin Viceroy
1927 : Appointment of Simon Commission.
1928 : Simon Commission comes to India. : Death of Lala Lajpat Rai following police assault. Nehru Report.
1929 : Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt drops bombs in the Legislative Assembly. : Congress on December 31 at Lahore declaring its objective of Poora Swaraj for India.
1930 : Gandhiji’s Dandi March. Civil Disobedience Movement.
1930-31 : First Round Table Conference.
1931 : Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed. : Second Round Table Conference.
1931-36 : Lord Wellingdon Viceroy.
1932 : Third Round Table Conference. : Communal Award announced. : Poona Pact signed.
1934 : Civil Disobedience Movement called off.
1935 : Government of India Act, 1935 passed by British Parliament.
1936-44 : Lord Linlithgow Viceroy.
1937 : Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress Ministries formed in seven out of eleven provinces.
1938 : Haripura session of the Congress.
1939 : Second World War begins (September).
1940 : Pakistan resolution passed by Muslim League at Lahore.
1941 : Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India.
1942 : Cripps comes to India with his proposals in March. : Congress rejects Cripps Proposal (11 April). : “Quit India” resolution passed by Congress on August 8.
1944-47 : Lord Wavell Viceroy.
1944 : INA reaches Indian soil.
1945 : Labour Government in Britain. INA surrenders to the British (May). First trial of INA men (November 5).
1946 : Cabinet Mission’s plans announced (June 16).
1947-48 : Lord Mountbatten Viceroy
1947 : Announcement of Lord Mountbatten’s plan for Partition of India (June 3). : Indian Independence Act passed (July). : Creation of free India and Pakistan on midnight of August 14/15, 1947 as dominions.
1947-64 : Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India.
1948 : Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (January 30). : Raja-gopalachari appointed first Indian Governor-General (June 21).
1949 : New Constitution of India adopted and signed (November 26).
1950 : India become a Republic. New Constitution comes into force (January 26). : Dr. Rajendra Prasad, first President of Indian Republic. : Planning Commission was set up 1951 : Inauguration of First Five Year Plan.
1952 : First General Election in India : National Development Council (NDC) set up. : Family Planning is launched.
1953 : Conquest of Mount Everest. : University Grants Commission (UGC) is set up : CBI is set up : Formation of Andhra Pradesh on linquiestic basis
1954 : Chou En-lai, the Chinese Premier visits India. : Panchashila signed between China and India.
1955 : Hindu Marriage Act and Indian Citizenship Act.
1956 : Reorganisation of Indian States on linguistic basis : 2nd Five Year Plan launched. : Nationalisation of insurance companies.
1957 : Second General election. Introduction of decimal system of coinage. : National Calender based on Saka era adopted.
1959 : Dalai Lama reaches India for political asylum, Indo-Chinese relations worsen. : Panchayat Raj introduced in Rajasthan.
1961 : Goa, Daman and Diu liberated from Portu- guese possession. : Arjuna Award introduced 1962 : Indo-China War. 1964 : Death of Jawaharlal Nehru : Lal Bahadur Shastri becomes Prime Minister.
1965 : Indo-Pak War.
1966 : Tashkent Declaration : Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri : Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister.
1969 : First Nationalisation of 14 Banks. : First Dada Sahib Phalke Award was given to Davika Rani 1971 : Indo-Pak War : Birth of Bangladesh.
1972 : Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan.
1973 : Project Tiger 1974 : Underground nuclear explosion carried out at Pokhran (May 18).
1975 : Emergency declared in the country. : Aryabhatta goes to orbit.

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